Women's Rights and Women's Issues in Law and Literature:

  A Selected Bibliography


TABLE OF CONTENTS

The representation of women in literature reflects social and legal attitudes toward women and their rights or lack of them. In particular, feminist literature is presently re-evaluating premises concerning the literary characterization of women's psychology and motivations.

Bibliographies and Research Aids

Baym, Nina, Woman's Fiction: A Guide to Novels By and About Women in America, 1820-1870 (1978).

Cortina, Lynn Ellen Rice, Spanish-American Women Writers: A Bibliographical Research Checklist (1983)(Garland Reference Library of the Humanities; 356).

DeCoste, F. C., K. M. Munro, and Lillian MacPherson, Feminist Legal Literature: A Selective Annotated Bibliography (1992).

While this bibliography does not focus on law and literature it is invaluable as a guide to secondary sources on feminist thought.

Drew, Bernard A., Heroines: A Bibliography of Women Series Characters in Mystery, Espionage, Action, Science Fiction, Fantasy, Horror, Western, Romance and Juvenile Novels (1989)(Garland Reference Library of the Humanities; 878).

Mason, Bobbie Ann, The Girl Sleuth: A Feminist Guide (1975).

General Works

Agosín, Marjorie, Literatura y Derechos Humanos en Latinoamerica, 205 Plural (Mexico, DF) 48 (October 1988).

Alexander, Meena, Outcaste Power: Ritual Displacement and Virile Maternity in Indian Women Writers, 24 Journal of Commonwealth Literature 12 (1989).

Andrew, Joe, Women in Russian Literature, 1780-1863 (1988).

Armstrong, Nancy, Desire and Domestic Fiction: A Political History of the Novel (1987).

Auerbach, Nina, Romantic Imprisonment: Women and Other Glorified Outcasts (1985)(Gender and Culture).

Auerbach, Nina, Woman and the Demon: The Life of a Victorian Myth (1982).

Bardes, Barbara A. and Suzanne Gossett, Declarations of Independence: Women and Political Power in Nineteenth-Century American Fiction (1990).

Basham, Diana The Trial of Woman: Feminism and the Occult Sciences in Victorian Literature and Society (1992).

Benson, Mary Sumner, Women in Eighteenth-Century America: A Study of Opinion and Social Usage (1935)(Studies in History, Economics, and Public Law; 405).

Bergmann, Helena, Between Obedience and Freedom: Woman's Role in the Mid-Nineteenth Century Industrial Novel (1979)(Gothenburg Studies in English; 45).

Billingsley, Bruce Alder, "Take Her Up Tenderly": A Study of the Fallen Woman in th Nineteenth-Century English Novel (Dissertation, Universtiy of Texas, 1962).

Boone, Joseph Allen, Tradition Counter Tradition: Love and the Form (1987)(Women in Culture and Society).

Boydston, Jeanne, Mary Kelley and Anne Margolis, The Limits of Sisterhood: The Beecher Sisters on Women's Rights and Woman's Sphere (1988).

Brahney, Kathleen J., When Silence Was Golden: Female Personae in the Roman de Silence, in Selected Proceedings of the Fourth Congress of the International Courtly Literature Society 52 (Glyn S. Burgess, Robert A. Taylor, Alan Deyermond, Dennis Green, and Beryl Rowland eds. 1985).

Calder, Jenni, Women and Marriage in Victorian Fiction (1976).

Carpentier, Martha Celeste, Mother, Maid, and Witch: Hellenic Female Archetypes in Modern British Literature (Dissertation, Fordham University, 1988).

Catsiapis, Helène, Le mari, la femme et l'amant dans la comédie légere en Angleterre entre les deux guerres mondiales, 7 Thalia: Studies in Literary Humor (Ottawa, Ontario) 17 (Fall/Winter 1984).

Chapman, Elizabeth Rachel, Marriage Questions in Modern Fiction, and Other Essays on Kindred Subjects (1897).

Colliot, Regine, Un rapport dramatique mère/enfant dans le récit medieval: La mère denonciatrice du crime, in Les Relations de Parente Dans le Monde Medieval 161 (1989)(26 Senefiance).

Cornillon, John, A Case For Violet Strange, Images of Women in Fiction (Susan K. Cornillon ed. 1973).

Cosslett, Tess, Woman to Woman: Female Friendship in Victorian Fiction (1988).

Crosby, Christina, The Ends of History: Victorians and "the Woman Question" (1991).

Cultural and Historical Grounding For Hispanic and Luso-Brazilian Feminist Literary Criticism (Hernan Vidal ed. 1989)(Literature and Human Rights; 4).

Daichman, Graciela, Wayward Nuns in Medieval Literature (1986).

Decure, Nicole, Les filles et les petites-filles d'Agathe: Images de femmes et images des femmes dans le roman policier anglais contemporain, 44 Études Anglaises 399 (1991).

Detter, Howard M., The Female Sexual Outlaw in the Victorian Novel: A Study in the Conventions of Fiction (Dissertation, Indiana University, 1971).

Dobson, Joanne, The Hidden Hand: Subversion of Cultural Ideology in Three Mid-Nineteenth Century American Women's Novels, 38 American Quarterly 233 (1986).

Dowling, John, The "Mariage Forcé" as a Theme in Francophone African Theater, 4 Revue Francophone de Louisiane 44 (Spring 1989).

Dugaw, Dianne, Warrior Women and Popular Balladry, 1650-1850 (1989)(Cambridge Studies in Eighteenth-Century English Literature and Thought; 4).

Ferguson, Moira Colonialism and Gender Relations from Mary Wollstonecraft to Jamaica Kincaid: East Carribean Connections (1993).

Ferrante, Joan M., Woman as Image in Medieval Literature, From the Twelfth Century to Dante (1975).

Fine, Gary Alan, Welcome to the World of AIDS: Fantasies of Female Revenge, 46 Western Folklore 192 (July 1987).

Firth, Raymond W., Sex and Slander in Tikopia Song: Public Antagonism and Private Intrigue, 5 Oral Tradition (Columbia, MO) 219 (May/October 1990). (Tikopia, the Solomon Islands).

Fitting, Peter, The Turn From Utopia in Recent Feminist Fiction, in Feminism, Utopia, and Narrative 141 (Libby Falk Jones and Sarah Webster Goodwin, eds. 1990).

Foster, Shirley, Victorian Women's Fiction: Marriage, Freedom, and the Individual (1985).

Franklin, Caroline, "At Once Above--Beneath Her Sex": The Heroine in Regency Verse Romance, 84 Modern Language Review 273 (April 1989).

Fraser, Wayne, The Dominion of Women: The Personal and Political in Canadian Women's Literature (1991)(Contributions in Women's Literature).

Gaines, Kendra Holly, "Equivocal Heroines": Women in Victorian Sensation Fiction (Dissertation, Northwestern University, 1982).

Gasiorowska, Xenia, Women in Soviet Fiction, 1917-1964 (1968).

Gilman, Amy, "Cogs To the Wheel": The Ideology of Women's Work in Mid-Nineteenth Century Fiction, 47 Science & Society 78 (Summer 1983).

Gossy, Mary S., The Untold Story: Women and Theory in Golden Age Texts (1989)(Women and Culture Series).

Goshgarian, Gary M., To Kiss the Chastening Rod: Domestic Fiction and Sexual Ideology in the American Renaissance (1992).

Grenier, Cecilia Marie, Martyrs, Mystics, and Madwomen: Images of the Nun in Selected Fiction, 1780-1840 (Dissertation, State University of New York at Binghampton, 1986).

Greiner, Donald J., Women Enter the Wilderness: Male Bonding and the American Novel of the 1980s (1991).

Grun, Ursula Liebertz, Autorinnen im Umkreis der Hofe, in Frauen--Literatur--Geschichte 16 (Hiltrud Gnug and Renate Mohrmann eds. 1985).

Hall, Donald Eugene, The Literature of Threat: Feminism and English Male Novelists, 1840-1870 (Dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 1991).

Hansson, Laura Mohr, We Women and Our Authors (1899). Translated by Hermione Ramsden from the second German edition.

Contains We Women and Our Authors, Gottfried Keller and Women, Paul Heyse and the Incommensurable, The Author in a Cul-de-sac (Ibsen), The High Priest of Purity (Bjornson), The Women-haters, Tolstoy and Strindberg, Maupassant and the "Fin de Siècle" Woman, Barbey d'Aurevilly on the Mystery of Woman, How Do We Stand?

Heinzelman, Susan Sage, Woman's Petty Treason: Feminism, Narrative, and the Law, 20 Journal of Narrative Technique 89 (Spring 1990).

Hathawar, Heather, "Maybe Freedom Lies in Hating": Miscegenation and the Oedipal Conflict, in Refiguring the Father: New Feminist Readings of Patriarchy 153 (Patricia Yaeger and Beth Kowaleski-Wallace, eds. 1989).

Heilbrun, Carolyn G., Hamlet's Mother and Other Women (1990)(Gender and Culture).

Heine, Heinrich, Die Weibesschonheit in der Kunst (?; repr. 1987)(History of Women; reel 557, no. 4298). One microform reel.

Helsinger, Elizabeth K., Robin Lauterbach Sheets, & William R. Veeder, The Woman Question: Society and Literature in Britain and America, 1837-1883 (1983).

Hermand, Jost, All Power To the Women: Nazi Concepts of Matriarchy, 19 Journal of Contemporary History 649 (1984).

Herrera-Sobek, Maria, The Politics of Rape: Sexual Transgression in Chicana Fiction, 15 Americas Review 171 (Fall/Winter 1987).

Herrmann, Anne, Verlassene Orte, Gefundene Stimmen: Schwarz-amerikanische Autorinnen, in Frauen--Literatur--Geschichte: Schreibended Frauen vom Mittelalter bis zur Gegenwart 488 (Hiltrud Gnug and Renate Mohrmann eds. 1985).

Herzog, Kristin, Women, Ethnics, and Exotics: Images of Power in Mid-Nineteenth-Century American Fiction (1983).

Holbrook, David, Images of Woman in Literature (1989).

Hyslop, Gabrielle, Deviant and Dangerous Behavior: Women in Melodrama, 19 Journal of Popular Culture 65 (Winter 1985).

Islam and Feminism: Legal and Literary Perspectives (Mai Yamani ed., 1995).

Jankowski, Theodora A., Women in Power in the Early Modern Drama (1992).

Jochens, Jenny, Voluspa: Matrix of Norse Womanhood, 88 Journal of English and Germanic Philology 344 (July 1989).

Johnson, Julie Greer, Women in Colonial Spanish American Literature: Literary Images (1983)(Contributions in Women's Studies; 43).

Johnson, Lesley, Women on Top: Antifeminism in the Fablaux? 78 Modern Language Review (London, England) 298 (April 1983).

Jones, Amelia, "She Was Bad News": Male Paranoia and the Contemporary New Woman, 25/26 Camera Obscura: A Journal of Feminism and Film Theory 297 (January/May 1991).

Just, Roger, Women in Athenian Law and Life (1989).

Just, Roger, Women in Athenian Law and Life (1991)(Routledge Classical Studies). Reprint of the 1989 hardcover edition.

Kaplan, Alice Yaeger, Critical Fictions: The New Hard-Boiled Woman, 28 Artforum 26 (January 1990).

Kaplan, Cora, Sea Changes: Essays on Culture and Feminism (1986).

Includes Radical Feminism and Literature; The Feminist Politics of Literary Theory.

Karady, Veronika Gorog, The Law of the Father: Paternal Authority and Marriage in Bambara-Malinke Tales, 6 Merveilles et Contes 219 (December 1992).

Kieniewicz, Teresa, The Novelist's View on Women's Rights and Careers, 30 Kwartalnik Neofilologiczny 177 (1983).

Kinney, James, Amalgamation!: Race, Sex, and Rhetoric in the Nineteenth-Century American Novel (1985)(Contributions in Afro-American and African Studies; 90).

Kirk, Felicia Marie, Visual Incriminations: Female Criminality in French Naturalist Fiction (Dissertation, Brown University, 1994).

Klein, Christiane, The Prostitute in Nineteenth-Century Fiction and Prose (Master's Thesis, Miami University of Ohio, 1989).

Klein, Kathleen Gregory, The Woman Detective: Gender and Genre (1988).

Kornfeld, Eve & Susan Jackson, The Female Bildungsroman in Nineteenth-Century America: Paramaters of a Vision, 10 Journal of American Culture 69 (Winter 1987).

Langbauer, Laurie, Women and Romance: The Consolations of Gender in the English Novel (1990)(Reading Women Writing).

Langland, Elizabeth, Patriarchal Ideology and Marginal Motherhood in Victorian Novels by Women, 19 Studies in the Novel 381 (Fall 1987).

Law, Richard, Science Fiction Women: Victims, Rebels, Heroes, in Proceedings of the Second Annual Conference of EAPSCU 53 (Malcolm Hayward ed. 1983).

Leinwand, Theodore B., "This Gulph of Marriage": Jacobean City Wives and Jacobean City Comedy, 10 Women's Studies 245 (1984).

Levy, Anita, Other Women: The Writing of Class, Race, and Gender, 1832-1898 (1991).

Maik, Linda L., The Female "I" Woman's Voice in Multivoiced Mid-Victorian Novels (Dissertation, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, 1990).

Malti-Douglas, Fedwa, Woman's Body, Woman's Word: Gender and Discourse in Arabo-Islamic Writing (1991).

Mann, Jessica, Deadlier Than the Male: Why Are Respectable English Women So Good At Murder? (1981).

Masciarotte, Gloria Jean, Breaking Society's Looking-Glass: The Feminine Subject/The Sensation Novel/The Textual Difference (Dissertation, Brown University, 1988).

Masiello, Francine, Women, State, and Family in Latin American Literature of the 1920s, in Women, Culture, and Politics in Latin America 27 (1990).

Masse, Michelle A., Gothic Repetition: Husbands, Horrors, and Things That Go Bump in the Night, 15 Signs 679 (1990).

McKendrick, Melveena, Woman and Society in the Spanish Drama of the Golden Age: A Study of the Mujer Varonil (1974).

McLeod, Glenda, Virtue and Venom: Catalogs of Women From Antiquity to the Renaissance (1991)(Women and Culture Series).

McPherson, Karen Sue, The Police and Guilty Women in Four Twentieth-Century Novels (Dissertation, Yale University, 1987).

McPherson, Karen Sue, Incriminations: Guilty Women/Telling Stories (1994).

Middleton, Victoria Sharon, The Exiled Self: Women Writers and Political Fiction (Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley, 1979).

Miller, Jane Eldridge, Rebel Women: Feminism, Modernism, and the Edwardian Novel (Dissertation, Princeton University, 1993).

Morris, Virginia B., Double Jeopardy: Women Who Kill in Victorian Fiction (1990).

Neff, Wanda Fraiken, Victorian Working Women: An Historical and Literary Study of Women in British Industries and Professions, 1832-1850 (1929). Published also as the author's dissertation, Columbia University.

Nemzer, A., Muzhchina i Zhenshchina, 9 Literaturnoe Obozrenie (Moscow, Russia) 48 (1987).

Newman, Beth, Telling Situations: The Frame Narrative in Nineteenth-Century British Fiction (Dissertation, Cornell University, 1987).

Nicholson, Mervyn, Female Emancipation in Romantic Narrative, 18 Women's Studies 309 (1990).

Nollen, E. M., The Gothic Experience: Female Imprisonment, Madness, and Escape in Selected Texts by Women Writers (Dissertation, Indiana University, 1984).

Nouvet, Claire, The Discourse of the "Whore": An Economy of Sacrifice, 105 Modern Language Notes 750 (September 1990).

Ordonez, Elizabeth, Sexual Politics and the Theme of Sexuality in Chicana Poetry, in Women in Hispanic Literature: Icons and Fallen Idols 316 (Beth Miller ed. 1983).

Otsuki, Jennifer Lynn, Totalization and the Other: Images of Race and Gender in Victorian Realism (Dissertation, University of California, Irvine, 1991).

Patterson, Orlando, Slavery, Alienation, and the Female Discovery of Personal Freedom, 58 Social Research 159 (Spring 1991).

Pearce, Lynne, Woman/Image/Text: Readings in Pre-Raphaelite Art and Literature (1991).

The Perception of Women in Spanish Theater of the Golden Age (Anita K. Stoll & Dawn L. Smith eds. 1991).

Pykett, Lyn, The "Improper" Feminine: The Women's Sensation Novel and the New Woman Writing (1992).

Contains Surveillance and Control: Women, the Family and the Law, Spectating the Social Evil: Fallen and Other Women, Historicising Genre (2): Sensation Fiction, Women's Genres and Popular Narrative Forms, Mary Elizabeth Braddon: The Secret Histories of Women, Ellen Wood: Secret Skeletons in the Family, and the Spectacle of Women's Suffering, The New Woman Writing and Some Marriage Questions, and other essays.

Radway, Janice, The Utopian Impulse in Popular Literature: Gothic Romances and "Feminist" Protest, 33 American Quarterly 140 (Summer 1981).

Reddy, Maureen T., The Feminist Counter-Tradition in Crime: Cross, Grafton, Paretsky, and Wilson, in The Cunning Craft: Original Essays on Detective Fiction and Contemporary Literary Theory 174 (Ronald G. Walker and June M. Frazer eds. 1990)(Essays in Literature).

Reddy, Maureen T., Sisters in Crime: Feminism and the Crime Novel (1988).

Representing Women: Law, Literature, and Feminism (Susan Sage Heinzelman and Zipporah Batshaw eds. 1994)(Post-Contemporary Interventions).

Rieger, Dietmar, Le motif du viol dans la littérature de la france médiévale: Entre norme courtoise et realité courtoise, 31 Cahiers de Civilisation Médiévale (Xè-XIIè Siècles 241 (1988).

Roller, Judi M., The Politics of the Feminist Novel (1986)(Contributions in Women's Studies; 63).

Ronning, Kari Ann, Above All a Nice Girl: The Heroines of Bestsellers 1895-1920 (Dissertation, University of Nebraska, 1980).

Rosenberg, Roberta, Unlocking the Door in a Post-Patriarchal World: The Study of Gender in the Contemporary Literature Classroom, 17 College Literature 109 (June/October 1990).

Salvidar-Hull, Sonia, Feminism on the Border: From Gender Politics to Geopolitics, in Tradition and the Talents of Women 292 (1991).

Schaffer, Kay, Women and the Bush: Forces of Desire in the Australian Cultural Tradition (1988).

Schor, Naomi, Female Paranoia: The Case For Psychoanalytic Feminist Criticism, 62 Yale French Studies 204 (1981).

Shepherd, Gloria, The Rape of Black Women during Slavery (Dissertation, State University of New York at Albany, 1988).

Singer, Armand E., Don Juan's Women Have Their Day in Court, 32 West Virginia University Philological Papers 29 (1986/1987).

Solterer, Helen, Figures of Female Militancy in Medieval France, 16 Signs 522 (1991).

Solterer, Helen, The Master and Minerva: Disputing Women in French Medieval Culture (1995).

Sponsler, Lucy A., Women in Spain: Medieval Law Versus Epic Literature, 7 Revista de Estudios Hispanicos 427 (1973).

Stanesa, Jamie Lynne, Slavery and the Politics of Domestic Identities: Ideology, Theology, and Region in American Women Writers, 1850-1860 (Dissertation, Emory University, 1993).

Sullivan, Esther Beth, A Feminist Analysis of Narrative in Spanish Golden Age Honor Plays, 8 Literature in Performance 53 (November 1988).

Swindells, Julia, Victorian Writing and Working Women: The Other Side of Silence (1985).

Thickstun, Margaret Olofson, Fictions of the Feminine: Puritan Doctrine and the Representation of Women (1988).

Thomson, Patricia, The Victorian Heroine: A Changing Ideal, 1837-1873 (1956, repr. 1975).

Tombe, Sheila Joan, Voice and Action: Women and Astraea in Seventeenth-Century European Drama (Dissertation, University of South Carolina, 1992).

Utopian and Science Fiction by Women: Worlds of Difference (Jane L. Donawerth and Carol A. Kolmerten eds. 1994)(Utopianism and Communitarianism).

Voisine, Jacques, La Condition Féminine dans L'Opera du Mendiant, in La Femme en Angleterre et dans les Colonies Américaines aux XVIIè et XVIIIè Siècles 100 (1976).

The Voyage In: Fictions of Female Development (Elizabeth Abel, Marianne Hirsch, and Elizabeth Langland, eds. 1983).

Ward, Kathryn Ann, Clients, Colleagues, and Consorts: Roles of Women in American Hardboiled Detective Fiction and Film (Dissertation, The Ohio State University, 1988).

Warner, Marina, The Wronged Daughter: Aspects of Cinderella, 7 Grand Street 143 (Spring 1988).

Wershoven, Carol, America's Child Brides: The Price of a Bad Bargain, in Portraits of Marriage in Literature 151 (Anne C. Hargrove and Maurine Magliocco eds. 1984).

Westphal-Wihl, Sarah, The Ladies' Tournament: Marriage, Sex, and Honor in Thirteenth-Century Germany, 14 Signs 371 (1989).

What Manner of Woman: Essays on English and American Life and Literature (Marlene Springer, ed. 1977)(The Gotham Library).

Whitesides, Mary Parr, Marriage in the American Novel From 1882 to 1982 (Dissertation, University of South Carolina, 1984).

Woman as Myth and Metaphor in Latin American Literature (Carmelo Virgillo and Naomi Lingstrom, eds. 1985).

Women and Literature: Four Studies (1976)(Emporia State Research Studies; v. 24, no. 3).

Includes R. K. Dubnick, Two Types of Obscurity in the Writings of Gertrude Stein, J. K. Ray, The Feminine Role in Robinson Crusoe, Roxana, and Clarissa, J. O. Underwood, The Music of Sequence: George Moore's Esther Waters, F A. Vowell, A Commentary of The Journal of Sarah Kemble Knight.

Women and Western American Literature (Helen Winter Stauffer and Susan J. Rosowski eds. 1982).

Women and World War I: The Written Response (Dorothy Goldman ed. 1993)(Insights).

Women in Hispanic Literature: Icons and Fallen Idols (Beth Kurti Miller ed. 1983).

Woodbridge, Linda, Women and the English Renaissance: Literature and the Nature of Womankind, 1540 to 1620 (1984).

Zucker, Charlotte, The Emergence of the Modern Woman in Yiddish and Western Literature (Dissertation, City University of New York, 1987).

Specific Topics

Abortion

Ginsburg, Faye, Procreation Stories: Reproduction, Nurturance, and Procreation in Life Narratives of Abortion Activists, 14 American Ethnologist 623 (November 1987).

Lake, Randall E. A., The Metaethical Framework of Anti-Abortion Rhetoric, 11 Signs 478 (Spring 1986).

Svalastog, Anna L., Abort og Kjonnsidentitet, 41 Nord-Nytt 24 (1990).

Wilt, Judith, Abortion, Choice, and Contemporary Fiction: The Armageddon of the Maternal Instinct (1990).

See also

Adultery

Berenguier, Nadine, Unfortunate Couples: Adultery in Four Eighteenth-Century French Novels, 4 Eighteenth Century Fiction 331 (July 1992).

Beyele, Dieter, Ehebruch und krankes Kind: zu einer Motivkombination in französischen Romanen des 19. Jahrhunderts, 41 Romantisches Jahrbuch 114 (1990).

The interaction of adultery and duty and the occurrence of illness as a metaphor for duty or for fate is a common one, particularly in European works of the nineteenth century.

Brown, Richard, "Perhaps She Had Not Told Him All the Story...": Observation on the Topic of Adultery in Some Modern Literature, in Joyce, Modernity, and Its Mediation 99 (Christine van Boheemen ed. 1989) (European Joyce Studies; 1).

Bumke, Joachim, Liebe und Ehebruch in der Hofischen Gesellschaft, in Liebe als Literatur: Aufsätze zur erotischen Dichtung in Deutschland 25 (Rudiger Krohn ed. 1983).

Cappuccio, Brenda Logan, "Como es Ancha y Larga": La Queja de la Malmaridada en la Poesia Medieval Española, 17 Letras Femeninas 1 (Spring/Fall 1991).

Cappucio, Brenda Logan, La Malmaridada en la Poesia Medieval Espanola, 13 Poder y Libertad 52 (1990).

Catsiapis, Helene, Le Mari, la Femme et l'Amant dans la Comedie Legère en Angleterre entre les Deux Guerres Mondiales, 7 Thalia: Studies in Literary Humor (Ottawa, Ontario) 17 (Fall/Winter 1984).

Evans, Dafydd, Wishfulfillment: The Social Function and Classification of Old French Romances, in Court and Poet: Selected Proceedings of the Third Congress of the International Courtly Literature Society, Liverpool, 1980 129 (Glyn S. Burgess, A. D. Deyermond, W. H. Jackson, A. D. Mills, and P. T. Ricketts eds. 1980) (ARCA: Classical and Medieval Texts, Papers, and Monographs; 5).

Filbin, Thomas, The Duelist's Second, 11 Review of Contemporary Fiction (Normal, IL) 127 (Spring 1991).

Gaunt, Simon, Marginal Men, Marcabru and Orthodoxy: The Early Troubadours and Adultery, 59 Medium Aevum 55 (1990).

Goodman, Jonathan, Bloody Versicles: The Rhymes of Crime (Rev. ed. 1993). Contains chapters on murder, adultery, attempted suicide, bigamy, delinquency, fraudulent conversion, incest, larceny, perjury, prostitution, rape, treason, poetic justice.

Gutierrez, Nancy A., Philomela Strikes Back: Adultery and Mutilation as Female Self-Assertion, 16(3/4) Women's Studies 429 (1989).

Haselkorn, Anne M., Sin and the Politics of Penitence: Three Jacobean Adultresses, in The Renaissance Englishwoman in Print: Counterbalancing the Canon 119 (Anne M. Haselkorn and Betty S. Travitsky eds. 1990).

Johnson, Janette Suzanne, Mother Love and Mothers in Love: The Novel of Adultery (Dissertation, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, 1983).

Korobkin, Laura Hanft, Criminal Conversations: The Narrativity of Civil Adultery Litigation in Late Nineteenth-Century America (Dissertation, Harvard University, 1994).

Maynard, Julie, New Light on the Old Triangle, 31 The Baker Street Journal 200 (December 1981).

Prometeo Moya, Antonio, Del Buen y Mal Amor, 9/10 Quimera (Barcelona, Spain) 60 (July/August 1981).

Neuschafer, Hans Jörg, Le Declin du Patriarcat: Adultère et Divorce dans le Roman-Feuilleton de 1884, 16(53) Romantisme: Revue du Dix-Neuvième Siècle (Paris) 37 (1986).

Pastre, Jean Maro, Amour et Impunité dans les Fabliaux Allemands, in La Justice au Moyen Age: Sanction ou Impunité? 237 (1986) (Sénéfiance; 16).

Samuels, Shirley, Infidelity and Contagion: The Rhetoric of Revolution, 22 Early American Literature (Chapel Hill, NC) 183 (Fall 1987).

Schöll, Konrad, Des Farces Feministes?, in Le Théâtre au Moyen Age 169 (Gari R. Muller and Jean-Charles Payen eds. 1981) ("Exploration": Etudes Médiévales).

Tanner, Tony, Adultery in the Novel: Contract and Transgression (1979).

Troxel, Patricia Margaret, Theater of Adultery: Studies in Modern Drama from Ibsen to Stoppard (Dissertation, Princeton University, 1986).

White, Beatrice, Sundry Ways of Love, Medieval Style, 38 Essays and Studies (London) 1 (1985).

See also



Courtly Love

The "courts of love" of the European medieval period represent an imitation of a legal system that developed its own rules and body of decisions. While a comprehensive listing of secondary works in the area of courtly literature, including the literature of the courts of love of the High Middle Ages, the courtly epics and dramas of the late medieval, Renaissance and early modern periods, and the satiric and literary critiques of court etiquette and protocol is beyond the scope of this book, the use of the royal court as a metaphor for social and political ills has yet to be fully explored. In addition, rules promulgated by legislators (including sovereigns) regulating behavior and communication in and about royal courts and the government as represented in literature has not yet been explored. Many authors use criticsm of real or imagined centers of power as foci for social and political critiques (e.g. Mark Twain's A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court), and satire and parody are particularly common vehicles for this critique. The works below represent a selection of materials about these areas and suggest more research topics for the scholar interested in these phenomena.

In particular, elaborate social norms of which the rules of chivalry are the best known, were developed to govern interpersonal relationships and ward off violence as a means of resolving disputes. Instead, the courtly poets put emphasis on the proper treatment of women and appropriate conduct in battle and duel.

One of the best known "courts of love" was that of Marie de France, Countess of Champagne, the daughter of Eleanor of Aquitaine and granddaughter of the poet William Duke of Aquitaine.

General Works

Appel, Carl L. E., Provenzalische Chrestomathie (1895).

Clover, Carol J., The Medieval Saga (1982).

Dick, Ernest S., The Ambivalence of Courtly Demeanor: Courtly Values in the Context of Romance, in The Medieval Court in Europe 58 (Edward E. Haymes, ed. 1986)(Houston Germanic Studies; 6).

Dragonetti, R., La Technique Poétique des Trouvères dans la Chanson Courtoise (1960).

Ebnitz, David MacKinnon, The Oliphant: Its Function and Meaning in a Courtly Society, in The Medieval Court in Europe 123 (Edward E. Haymes ed. 1986)(Houston Germanic Studies; 6).

Evans, Dafydd, Wishfulfillment: The Social Function and Classification of Old French Romances, in Court and Poet: Selected Proceedings of the Third Congress of the International Courtly Literature Society, Liverpool, 1980 129 (Glyn S. Burgess, A. D. Deyermond, W. H. Jackson, A. D. Mills, and P. T. Ricketts eds., 1980)(ARCA: Classical and Medieval Texts, Papers, and Monographs; 5).

Fauriel, Claude Charles, Histoire de la Poésie Provençale (1846).

Girouard, Mark, The Return to Camelot: Chivalry and the English Gentleman (1981).

Hughes, Geoffrey, The Sovereignty of Venus: The Problem of Courtly Love, 25(2) English Studies in Africa (Johannesburg, South Africa) 61 (1982).

Jaeger, C. Stephen, The Origins of Courtliness: Civilizing Trends and the Formation of Courtly Ideals 939-1210 (1985)(The Middle Ages).

Jeanroy, Alfred, La Tenson Provençale, 2 Annales du Midi 381 (1899).

Jeanroy, Alfred, La Poésie Lyrique des Troubadours (1934).

Keen, Maurice, Chivalry, Heralds, and History, in The Writing of History in the Middle Ages: Essays Presented to Richard William Southern 393 (Ralph Henry Carless Davis, John Michael Wallace Hadrill, R. J. A. I. Catto, and Maurice Keen eds., 1981).

Lazar, Moshe, Amour Courtois et "Fin Amors" dans la Littérature du XIIè Siècle (1964).

Piaget, Arthur, La Cour Amoureuse Dite de Charles VI, 20 Romania 417 (1891).

Poirion, Daniel, Le Poète et le Prince (1965).

Prescott, Anne Lake, Evil Tongues at the Court of Saul: The Renaissance David as a Slandered Courtier, 21 Journal of Medieval and Renaissance Studies 163 (Fall 1991).

Scaglione, Aldo, Knights at Court: Courtliness, Chivalry, and Courtesy from Ottonian Germany to the Italian Renaissance (1991).

Schleiner, Louise, Ladies and Gentlemen in Two Genres of Elizabethan Fiction, 29 Studies in English Literature 1500-1900 1 (Winter 1989).

Zenker, Rudolf B., Die provenzalisches Tenzone (1888).

Chivalry, Oaths and Words of Honor

Bibliographies and Research Aids

Vina Liste, José Maria, Obras en prosa con elementos caballerescos en la literatura española medieval, 18 Verba 599 (1991).

General Works

Bratton, J. S., Of England, Home and Duty: The Image of England in Victorian and Edwardian Juvenile Fiction, in Imperialism and Popular Culture 73 (John M. MacKenzie ed., 1986).

Buonanno, Michael David, The Palermitan Epic: Dialogism and the Inscription of Social Relations, 103 Journal of American Folklore 324 (1990).

Goller, Karl-Heinz, Arthurian Chivalry and War in the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries: History and Fiction, in Spätmittelalterliche Artusliteratur 53 (Karl-Heinz Goller ed., 1984)(Beiträge zur Englische und Amerikanische Literatur; 3).

Kilgour, Raymond Lincoln, The Decline of Chivalry as Shown in the French Literature of the Late Middle Ages (1937)(Harvard Studies in Romance Languages; 12).

Larner, John, Chivalric Culture in the Age of Dante, 2(2) Renaissance Studies 117 (October 1988).

McCoy, Richard C., The Rites of Knighthood: The Literature and Politics of Elizabethan Chivalry (1989).

O'Leary, Philip, The Honour of Women in Early Irish Literature, 38 Eriu 27 (1987).

Rieger, Dietmar, Le Motif du Viol Dans la Littérature de la France Médiévale: Entre Norme Courtoise et Réalité Courtoise, 31 Cahiers de Civilisation Médiévale (Xè-XIIè Siècles 241 (1988).

Saunders, Myriam Anne, Le Gilos, les Lauzengiers et la Jalousie dans la Littérature Occitane des Douzième et Treizième Siècles (Dissertation, Tulane University, 1992).

Whitenack, Judith A., Conversion to Christianity in the Spanish Romance of Chivalry, 1490-1524, 13(1) Journal of Hispanic Philology 13 (Autumn 1988).

Wiehe, Roger, Gawain, Lancelot and the Courtly Love Tradition in the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood and Tennyson, in Pre-Raphaelistism and Medievalism in the Arts 75 (Liana De Girolami Cheney ed., 1992).

Wyatt-Brown, Bertram, The Evolution of Heroes' Honor in the Southern Literary Tradition, in The Evolution of Southern Culture 108 (Numan V. Bartley ed., 1988).

Specific Works

McNamer, Sarah, Female Authors, Provincial Setting: The Re-versing of Courtly Love in the Findern Manuscript, 22 Viator 279 (1991).

Schnell, Rudiger, L'Amour Courtois en Tant que Discours Courtois sur l'Amour, 110 Romania (Paris, France) 72 (1989); 110 Romania (Paris, France) 331 (1989).

Courts of Love

Leonard, Frances McNeely, Laughter in the Courts of Love: Comedy in Allegory, from Chaucer to Spenser (1981).

Willard, Charity Cannon, Concepts of Love According to Guillaume de Machaut, Christine de Pizan, and Pietro Bembo, in The Spirit of the Court: Selected Proceedings of the Fourth Congress of the International Courtly Literature Society 386 (Glyn S. Burgess, Robert A. Taylor, Alan Deyermond, Dennis Green, and Beryl Rowland eds. 1985).

Court Epics

Hasty, Will, Adventure as Social Performance: A Study of the German Court Epic (1990)(Untersuchungen zur Deutschen Literaturgeschichte; 52).

See also the various epics, romances, and poetry of the Middle Ages and Renaissance, and under


See also specific national literatures and periods (e.g. Elizabethan England, Renaissance France).

Human Rights

Agosin, Marjorie, Literatura y derechos humanos en Latinoamerica, 205 Plural (Mexico, DF) 48 (October 1988).

Bassel', N., Uroki istorii, 2 Druzhba Narodov (Moscow, Russia) 268 (1986).

Beale, D. A., Language, Poetry and the Rights of Man, 75 Theoria (Natal, South Africa) 37 (May 1990).

Cultural and Historical Grounding For Hispanic and Luso-Brazilian Feminist Literary Criticism (Hernan Vidal ed. 1989)(Literature and Human Rights; 4).

Dahl, Sverre, Hermann Broch und die Menschenrechte, 165/166 Literatur und Kritik 79 (June/July 1982).

Gruenwald, Oskar, Response: Camp Literature: Archetype for Dissent, 48 Slavic Review 280 (Summer 1989). Response to article by Oja and Hayden.

Mugo, Micere Githae, African Orature and Human Rights (1991)(Human and Peoples' Rights Monograph Series; 10)(ISAS Human and Peoples' Rights Monograph; 13).

Nemzer, A., Muzhchina i Zhenshchina, 9 Literaturnoe-Obozrenie (Moscow, Russia) 48 (1987).

O'Connell, James, "In the Shadow of One Another the People Live": Irish Folk Songs and Human Rights, 1600-1880, 13 Etudes Irlandaises 87 (December 1988).

Riesz, Janos, Références à la Révolution Française et aux Droits de l'Homme dans la Littérature Coloniale Française et la Littérature Francophone Africaine, 20 Französisch Heute (Frankfurt, Germany) 225 (September 1989).

Velasco, Maria Mercedes de, La Proyección Teatral de la Masacre de las Banañeras, 23 Latin American Theatre Review 89 (Fall 1989).

See also

Prostitution

Bibliographies and Research Aids

Le Cortigiane di Venezia dal Trecento al Settecento: Catalogo della Mostra, Venezia, Casino Municipale Ca' Vendramin Calergi, 2 Febbraio-16 Aprile 1990 (1990).

DeCoste, F. C., K. M. Munro, and Lillian MacPherson, Feminist Legal Literature: A Selective Annotated Bibliography (1991).

General Works

Bernheimer, Charles, Figures of Ill Repute: Representing Prostitution in Ninetenth-Century France (1989).

Billingsley, Bruce Alder, "Take Her Up Tenderly": A Study of the Fallen Woman in the Nineteenth-Century English Novel (Dissertation, University of Texas, 1962).

Blondel, Madeleine, A Minor Eighteenth-Century Novel Brought to Light: The Life and Adventures of a Reformed Magdalen (1763), 31 Notes and Queries 36 (March 1984).

Bose, J. H., Had de Mensch met een Vrou Niet Connen Leven--: Prostitutie in de Literatuur van de Zeventiende Eeuw (1985).

Crane, Robert A., The Courtisane Character in the Nineteenth-Century French Novel From Balzac to Zola (Dissertation, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1976).

Culross, Jack Lewis, The Prostitute and the Image of Prostitution in Victorian Fiction (Dissertation, Louisiana State University, 1970).

da Costa, Joao Alves, Droga e Prostituicao em Lisboa (1976).

Detter, Howard M., The Female Sexual Outlaw in the Victorian Novel: A Study in the Conventions of Fiction (Dissertation, Indiana University, 1971).

Edo No Yukaku: Me de Miru Yuri (1986).

Fishbein, Leslie, The Harlot's Progress in American Fiction and Film, 1900-1930, 16 Women's Studies 409 (1989).

Grenier, Cecilia Marie, Martyrs, Mystics, and Madwomen: Images of the Nun in Selected Fiction, 1780-1840 (Dissertation, State University of New York at Binghampton, 1986).

Gutierrez-Girardot, Bettina, Prostitutierte in der Lateinamerikanischen Literatur: Das Bild der Prostitutierten in der Lateinamerikanischen Literatur der Jahrhundertwende (1990)(Hispanistische Studien; 21). Originally presented as the author's dissertation, University of Bonn, 1989.

Hapke, Laura, The Late Nineteenth-Century American Streetwalker: Images and Realities, 65 Mid-America 155 (October 1983).

Hapke, Laura, Conventions of Denial: Prostitution in Late Nineteenth-Century American Anti-Vice Narrative (1982)(Michigan Occasional Papers in Women's Studies; 24).

Hapke, Laura, Girls Who Went Wrong: Prostitutes in American Fiction, 1885-1917 (1989).

Harskamp, Jaap Teunis, Horen en Heren: In de 19de-eeuwse Literatuur (1988).

Haselkorn, Anne M., Prostitution in Elizabethan and Jacobean Comedy (Dissertation, St. John's University, 1979).

Haselkorn, Anne M., Prostitution in Elizabethan and Jacobean Comedy (1983).

Hayward, C., The Courtesan: The Part She Has Played in Classic and Modern Literature and in Life (1926).

Ingram, Angela J. C., In the Posture of a Whore: Changing Attitudes to "Bad" Women in Elizabethan and Jacobean Drama (1984)(Salzburg Studies in English Literature. Jacobean Drama Studies; 93).

Jimbo, Kazuya, Genroku Gosho Monogatari (1975).

Katanka, Margret, Women of the Underworld: A Study of Prostitutes and Women Criminals in Popular Literature, 1600-1700 (Master's Thesis, University of Birmingham (England), 1973).

Kishtainy, Khalid, al-Saqitah al-Mutamarridah: Shakhsiyyat al-Baghi fi al-Adab al-Taqaddumi (1980).

Klein, Christiane, The Prostitute in Nineteenth-Century Fiction and Prose (Master's thesis, Miami University of Ohio, 1989.

Leighton, Angela, "Because Men Made the Laws": The Fallen Woman and the Woman Poet, 27 Victorian Poetry 109 (Summer 1989).

Mandell, Laura, Bawds and Merchants: Engendering Capitalist Desires, 59 ELH 107 (Spring 1992).

Marco, Valeria de, O Imperio da Cortesa: Luciola, um Perfil de Alencar (1986)(Coleçcao Leituras). Originally presented as the author's thesis, University of Sao Paulo.

Michaels, Walter Benn, The Contracted Heart, 21 New Literary History 495 (Spring 1990).

Nord, Deboarah Epstein, The Urban Peripatetic: Spectator, Streetwalker, Woman Writer, 46 Nineteenth-Century Literature 351 (December 1991).

Nouvet, Claire, The Discourse of the "Whore": An Economy of Sacrifice, 105 Modern Language Notes 750 (September 1990).

Okitsu, Kaname, Edo Yoshiwara Shi (1984).

Peake, Richard H., The Stage Prostitute in the English Dramatic Tradition From 1558-1625 (Dissertation, University of Georgia, 1966).

The Prostitute in Literature (Harold Greenwald and Aron M. Krich eds., 1960)(Ballantine Books; F399K)

Rapp, Margaret Susan, Harlot's Progress: Prostitution and Contemporary Culture (Dissertation, University of Chicago, 1986).

Reid, Anne Applegate, Picaras and Prostitutes: Liberated Ladies in Literature of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries (Master's Thesis, Brown University, 1972).

Schaplitz, Christa, The Prostitution of France and Les Soirées de Medan (Master's Thesis, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1976).

Seymour-Smith, Martin, Fallen Women: A Sceptical Enquiry Into the Treatment of Prostitutes, Their Clients and Their Pimps, in Literature (1969)(The Natural History of Society).

Simpson, David, What Bothered Charles Lamb About Poor Susan? 26 Studies in English Literature 1500-1900 589 (Autumn 1986).

Smith, Elyzabeth Marie-Pierre Richer, Nana, Santa, et Nacha Regules: Trois Courtesanes Modernes (Dissertation, University of Georgia, 1974).

History

Corbin, Alain, Les filles de noce: misère sexuelle et prostitution : 19è et 20è siècles

Corbin, Alain, Women for Hire: Prostitution and Sexuality in France after 1850 (1990). Translation of Les Filles de Noce.

Cortes Condé, Ramon and Elsa Haydee Cortes Condé, Historia Negra de la Prostitucion: Su Pasado, Su Presente, Esbozo de una Solucion (1978). (1978)(Collection Historique).

Forbidden History: The State, Society, and the Regulation of Sexuality in Modern Europe (John C. Fout, ed., 1992).

Includes Robin Ann Sheets, Pornography, Fairy Tales, and Feminism: Angela Carter's The Bloody Chamber. Special issue of the Journal of the History of Sexuality.

Gibson, Mary, Prostitution and the State in Italy, 1860-1915 (1986)(Crime, Law, and Deviance Series).

Harsin, Jill, Policing Prostitution in Nineteenth-Century Paris (1985).

Hyam, Ronald, Empire and Sexuality: The British Experience (1990)(Studies in Imperialism).

Ingram, Martin, Church Courts, Sex, and Marriage in England, 1570-1640 (1987)(Past and Present Publications).

Jarvinen, Margaretha, Of Vice and Women: Shades of Prostitution (1993)(Scandinavian Studies in Criminology; 13).

Mayhew, Henry, London Labour and the London Poor: A Cyclopaedia of the Condition and Earnings of Those That Will Work, Those That Cannot Work, and Those That Will Not Work (1967). Reprint of the 1861 edition.

McHugh, Paul, Prostitution and Victorian Social Reform (1980).

Otis, Leah Lydia, Prostitution in Medieval Society: The History of an Urban Institution in Languedoc (1985)(Women in Culture and Society).

Richardson, Joanna, The Courtesans: The Demi-Monde in Nineteenth Century France (1967).

Ruggiero, Guido, The Boundaries of Eros: Sex Crime and Sexuality in Renaissance Venice (1985)(Studies in the History of Sexuality).

Sexual Underworlds of the Enlightenment (G. S. Rousseau and Roy Porter eds., 1988).

Includes Theodore Tarczylo, From Lascivious Erudition to the History of Mentalities; Peter Wagner,The Discourse on Sex, or Sex as Discourse; Randolph Trumbach,Modern Prostitution and Gender in Fanny Hill; Paul-Gabriel Bouce,Imagination, Pregnant Women, and Monsters in Eighteenth-Century England and France, G. S. Rousseau,The Sorrows of Priapus; Terry Castle, The Culture of Travesty; Antony E. Simpson, Vulnerability and the Age of Female Consent, Roy Porter, A Touch of Danger; Lynne Friedli, Passing Women, Gloria Flaherty, Sex and Shamanism in the Eighteenth Century.

Walkowitz, Judith R., City of Dreadful Delight: Narratives of Sexual Danger in Late-Victorian London (1992)(Women in Culture and Society).

Walkowitz, Judith R., Prostitution and Victorian Society: Women, Class, and the State (1980).

Wolzendorff, Kurt, Polizei und Prostitution: eine Studie zur Lehre von der offentlichen Verwaltung und ihrem Recht (1911).

See also

Rape

Adams, John F., "Leda and the Swan": The Aesthetics of Rape, 12 Bucknell Review 47 (1964).

Angueira, Katherine, To Make the Personal Political: The Use of Testimony as a Consciousness-Raising Tool against Sexual Aggression in Puerto Rico, 16 The Oral History Review 65 (Fall 1988).

Bouce, Paul-Gabriel, The Secret Nexus: Sex and Literature in Eighteenth-Century Britain, in The Sexual Dimension in Literature 70 (Alan Bold ed., 1982)(Critical Studies Series).

Bruster, Douglas, "Come to the Tent Again": The Passionate Shepherd, Dramatic Rape and Lyric Time, 33 Criticism 49 (Winter 1991).

Cantor, Muriel G. and Eileen Zeitz, Sex and Sexual Violence in Fiction: Content and Control (1983)(NTIS PB83-240994).

Clifton-Everest, John M., Knights-Servitor and Rapist Knights: A Contribution to the Parzival/Gawain Question, 119 Zeitschrift für Deutsches Altertum und Deutsche Literatur 290 (1990).

Colwell, C. Carter, Law-Man: Evolving Justice in Movie Genres, in Design, Pattern, Style: Hallmarks of a Developing American Culture 7 (Don Harkness and Gerald E. Critoph eds., 1983).

Cuklanz, Lisa Marie, Rape Law Reform and the Public Imagination: Characterizations of Victim and Rapist in Popularized Rape Trials (Dissertation, University of Iowa, 1991).

Feldman, Linda Ellen, The Rape of Frau Welt: Transgression, Allegory and the Grotesque Body in Grimmelshausen Courarsche, 20 Daphnis 61 (1991).

Ferguson, Frances, Rape and the Rise of the Novel, 20 Representations 88 (Fall 1987).

Figueiredo, Antonio de, The Children of Rape, 4 New African 203 (1965).

Frayling, Christopher, The House That Jack Built: Some Stereotypes of the Rapist in the History of Popular Culture, in Rape 174 (1988).

Free, William J., The Rape of the Schoolmarm, 25 Georgia Review 286 (1971).

Froula, Christine, The Daughter's Seduction: Sexual Violence and Literary History, 11 Signs 621 (Summer 1986).

Gade, Kari Ellen, Homosexuality and Rape of Males in Old Norse Law and Literature, 58 Scandinavian Studies 124 (1986).

Gossett, Suzanne, "Best Men Are Molded Out of Faults": Marrying the Rapist in Jacobean Drama, 14 English Literary Renaissance 305 (1984).

Gravdal, Kathryn, Camouflaging Rape: The Rhetoric of Sexual Violence in the Medival Pastourelle, 76 Romanic Review 361 (November 1985). Discussion: 80 Romanic Review 331 (May 1989).

Gravdal, Kathryn, The Poetics of Rape Law in Medieval France, in Rape and Representation (Lynn Higgins and Brenda Silver eds., 1991).

Gravdal, Kathryn, Villain and Courtois: Transgressive Parody in French Literature of the 12th and 13th Ecnturies (1989).

Hart, Richard Hood, The Lyric as Fictive Rhetoric: Skeptical Deconstructions of Poems in the Major British Tradition (Dissertation, The University of Texas at Austin, 1983).

Hazen, Helen, Endless Rapture: Rape, Romance, and the Female Imagination (1983).

Henderson, Mae Gwendolyn, In Another Cournty: Afro-American Expatriate Novelists in France, 1946-1974 (Dissertation, Yale University, 1984).

Herrera-Sobek, Maria, The Politics of Rape: Sexual Transgression in Chicana Fiction, 15 Americas Review 171 (Fall/Winter 1987).

Herrera-Sobek, Maria, The Politics of Rape: Sexual Transgression in Chicana Fiction, in Chicana Creativity and Criticism: Charting New Frontiers in American Literature 171 (Maria Herrera-Sobek ed., 1988).

Hill, Thomas D., Odin, Rinda and Thaney, the Mother of St. Kentigern, 55 Medium Aevum 230 (1986).

Hook, Lucyle, The Rape of Europa by Jupiter, in On Stage and Off: Eight Essays in English Literature 56 (John W. Ehrstine, John R. Elwood, and Robert C. McLean eds., 1968).

Jed, Stephanie N., Chastity on the Page: A Feminist Use of Paleography, in Refiguring Woman: Perspectives on Gender and the Italian Renaissance 114 (Marilyn Migiel and Juliana Shciesari eds., 1991).

Jeffords, Susan, Performative Masculinities: Or, "After a Few Times You Won't Be Afraid of Rape at All", 13 Discourse 102 (Spring/Summer 1991).

Jeney, Cynthia L., "Much Like the Partridge in a Sparhawkes Foot": A Study of Rape in Ten Renaissance Plays (Master's Thesis, Arizona State University, 1990).

Kubitschek, Missy Dehn, Subjugated Knowledge: Toward a Feminist Exploration of Rape in Afro-American Fiction, in Black Feminist Criticism and Critical Theory 43 (Joe Weixlmann and Houston A. Baker, Jr. eds., 1988)(Studies in Black American Literature Series; 3).

Lell, Virgil G., The Rape of Ganymede: Greek Love-Themes in Elizabethan Friendship Literature (Dissertation, University of Nebraska- Lincoln, 1970).

Lewis, James R., Images of Captive Rape in the Nineteenth Century, 15 Journal of American Culture 69 (Summer 1992).

McShea, William P., The Rape of the Angel: From Tom Wolfe to Tennessee Williams, 17 Delta Epsilon Sigma Bulletin 93 (October 1972).

Mitchell, Felicia, Exploring the Aesthetics of Rape: Leda and the Swan in Selected Poems by Women, 3 Phoebe 64 (Fall 1991).

Morf, Isabel and Andrew Stephn, Tales of Angry Women, 38 World Press Review 51 (September 1991).

Nassar, Eugene P., The Rape of Cinderella: Essays in Literary Continuity (1970)

Olds, Madelin Joan, The Rape Complex in the Postbellum South (Dissertation, Carnegie-Mellon University, 1989).

Paden, William D., Rape in the Pastourelle, 80 Romanic Review 331 (1989).

Paretsky, Sara, Why Do Women Want To Read About Rape? Los Angeles Daily Journal, June 20, 1991, at 6.

Rape and Representation (Lynn A. Higgins and Brenda R. Silver eds., 1991)(Gender and Culture). Includes: John J. Winkler, The Education of Chloe: Erotic Protocols and Prior Violence; Patricia Klindienst Joplin, The Voice of the Shuttle Is Ours; Susan Winnett, The Marquise's "O" and the Mad Dash of Narrative; Ellen Rooney, "A Little More Than Persuading": Tess and the Subject of Sexual Violence; Brenda R. Silver, Periphrasis, Power, and Rape in A Passage To India; Coppelia Kahn, Lucrece: The Sexual Politics of Subjectivity; Eileen Julien, Rape, Repression, and Narrative Form in Le Devoir de Violence and la Vie et Demie; Marta Peixoto, Rape and Textual Violence in Clarice Lispector; Kathryn Gravdal, The Poetics of Rape Law in Medieval France; Carla Freccero, Rape Disfiguring Figures: Marguerite de Navarre's Heptameron, Day 1:10, Nellie V. McKay, Alice Walker's "Advancing Luna--and Ida B. Wells": A Struggle Toward Sisterhood; Nancy A. Jones, The Rape of the Rural Muse: Wordworth's "The Solitary Reaper" as a Version of Pastourelle; Froma I. Zeitlin, On Ravishing Urns: Keats in His Tradition; Lynn A. Higgins, Screen/Memory: Rape and Its Alibis in Last Year at Marienbad.

Rashkow, Ilona N., The Rape of Dinah: Crime and Punishment? 12(2) Mid-Hudson Language Studies 1 (1989).

Rieger, Dietmar, Le Motif du Viol Dans la Littérature de la France Mediévale: Entre Norme Courtoise et Realité Courtoise, 31 Cahiers de Civilisation Medievale Xè-XIIè Siècles 241 (1988).

Rooney, Ellen, Criticism and the Subject of Sexual Violence, 98 MLN (Modern Language Notes) 1268 (1983).

Schafer, Carol and David DeWitt, Personal Effects, 14 Southern Exposure 43 (1986).

Sharpe, Jenny, The Unspeakable Limits of Rape: Colonial Violence and Counter-Insurgency, 10 Genders 25 (Spring 1991).

Schleifer, Ronald, Enunciation and Genre: Mikhail Bakhtin and the "Double-Voiced Narration" of The Rape of the Lock, 15 New Orleans Review 31 (Winter 1988).

Schotter, Anne, Rhetoric Versus Rape in the Medieval Latin Pamphilus, 71 Philological Quarterly 243 (Summer 1992).

Shepherd, Gloria, The Rape of Black Women During Slavery (Narratives) (Dissertation, University of New York at Albany, 1988).

Simpson, Antony E., Vulnerability and the Age of Female Consent: Legal Innovation and Its Effect on Prosecutions For Rape in Eighteenth-Century London, in Sexual Underworlds of the Enlightenment 181 (G. S. Rousseau and Roy Porter eds., 1988).

Sword, Helen, Leda and the Modernists, 107 Proceedings of the Modern Language Association 305 (March 1992).

Tanner, Laura E., Intimate Violence: Reading Rape and Torture in Twentieth-Century Fiction (1994).

Van der Veen, Marike Lies, Rape and the Dichotomy of Womanhood: Empowering the Female Voice (Master's Thesis, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1991).

Varty, Kenneth, The Giving and Withholding of Consent in Late Twelfth-Century French Literature, 12 Reading Medieval Studies 27 (1986).

Wall, Kathleen, The Callisto Myth From Ovid To Atwood: Initiation and Rape in Literature (1988).

Weber, Donna-Lee, Fair Game: Rape and Sexual Aggression on Women in Some Early Eighteenth-Century Prose Fiction (Dissertation, University of Toronto, 1980).

Webb, Peter, Victorian Erotica, in The Sexual Dimension in Literature 90 (Alan Bold ed., 1982)(Critical Studies Series).

Widdicombe, Karen Elizabeth, "The Worth of My Untutored Lines": A Study of Lucrece and the Erotic Narrative Verse of the 1590's (Dissertation, 1986).

See also

Seduction

The tort of seduction began as a wrong against a woman's family (normally her male relatives). Women who were seduced by their marriage irreparably damaged their possibilities of making a "good" (i.e. profitable) marriage; thus their families were burdened with them forever. Laws exacting payments for the wronged fathers and brothers and/or prescribing criminal sanctions for one or both parties were common until the twentieth century. Related torts included breach of promise, addressed by what were known as "heart-balm" statutes, and, eventually, rape.

General Works

Barnes, Elizabeth Lee, A Revolution in Feeling: The Politics of Seduction in American Sentimental Fiction (Dissertation, University of California, Santa Barbara, 1991).

Baudrillard, Jean, Seduzione e Sollecitazione: Strategia della Sfida e della Domanda, in Strategie di Manipolazione: Semiotica, Psicanalisi, Antropologia, Scienza della Communicazioni 21 (Chiara Sibona ed., 1981)(Pleiadi; 17).

Boone, Joseph Allen, Tradition Counter Tradition: Love and the Form of Fiction (Dissertation, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 1982).

Brown, Sandra, The Risk of Seduction and the Seduction of Risk, in Dangerous Men and Adventurous Women 145 (Jayne Ann Krentz ed., 1992)(New Cultural Studies Series).

Brusegan, Rosanna, La Naivété Comique dans les Fabliaux à Seduction, in Comique, Satire et Parodie dans la Tradition Renadienne et les Fabliaux 19 (Danielle Buschinger and Andre Crepin eds., 1983)(Goppinger Arbeiten zur Germanistik; 391).

Clark, Anna, The Politics of Seduction in English Popular Culture, 1748-1848, in The Progress of Romance: The Politics of Popular Fiction 47 (Jean Radford ed., 1986)(History Workshop Series).

Curreri, Luciano, Seduzione e Malattia nella Narrativa Italiana Postunitaria, 16 Otto Novecento 53 (May/June 1992).

Davidson, Cathy N., Flirting with Destiny: Ambivalence and Form in the Early American Sentimental Novel, 10 Studies in American Fiction 17 (Spring 1982).

Froula, Christine, The Daughter's Seduction: Sexual Violence and Literary History, 11 Signs 621 (Summer 1986).

Hapke, Laura, Reflections on the Victorian Seduction Novel, 5(4) The Nassau Review 35 (1988).

Lewis, Jan, The Republican Wife: Virtue and Seduction in the Early Republic, 44 The William and Mary Quarterly 689 (October 1987).

Mauser, Wolfram, Freundschaft und Verfuhrung: zur inneren Widerspruchlichkeit von Glucksphantasien im 18. Jahrhundert: ein Versuch, in Frauenfreundschaft--Mannerfreundschaft: literarische Diskurse im 18. Jahrhundert 213 (Wolfram Mauser and Barbara Becker Cantarino eds., 1991).

Molina, Anatilde Idoyaga, Pilaga Seduction Songs, 5 Latin American Indian Literatures Journal 43 (Fall 1989).

Newman, Beth, Telling Situations: The Frame Narrative in Nineteenth-Century British Fiction (Dissertation, Cornell University, 1987).

Mandrell, James, Don Juan and the Point of Honor: Seduction, Patriarchal Society, and Literary Tradition (1992)(Penn State Studies in Romance Literatures).

Olsen, Michel, L'Analisi Narrativa della Novella Rinascimentale? Variazioni sul Tema della Riparazione dello Stupro, in Actes du 9e Congrès des Romanistes Scandinaves: Helsinki 13-17 aout 1984 285 (Elina Suomela Harma and Olli Valikangas eds., 1986)(Mémoires de la Société Néophilologique de Helsinki; 44).

Onni, I. Muriel, Elopements, Seductions, Abductions and Secret Marriages in the Bourgeois Theatre in France and Germany in the Late Eighteenth Century (Dissertation, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, 1983).

Oost, Regina, Dark Seduction: Polar Powers and the Battle for the Soul in Gothic Novels, 62 Encyclia 50 (1985).

Panttaja, Elisabeth Helen, Seduction and the Heroine in the American Novel, 1850-1920 (Dissertation, Brandeis University, 1993).

Pastre, Jean-Marc, Typologie et Topologie de la Séduction dans les Fastnachtspiele du Quinzième Siècle, 19 Fifteenth Century Studies 165 (1992).

Prioleau, Elizabeth S., The Minister and the Seductress in American Fiction: The Adamic Myth Redux, 16 Journal of American Culture 1 (Winter 1993).

Rooney, Ellen, Criticism and the Subject of Sexual Violence, 98 Modern Language Notes 1269 (December 1983).

Schotter, Anne Howland, Woman's Song in Medieval Latin, 15 Studies in Medieval Culture 19 (1981).

Seduction and Theory: Readings of Gender, Representation, and Rhetoric (Dianne Hunter ed., 1989).

Stone, Donald Jr., Anatomy of a Moral: Seduction in Sixteenth-Century French Comedy, in Essays in Early French Literature Presented to Barbara M. Craig 147 (Norris J. Lacy and Jerry C. Nash eds., 1982).

Walsoe-Engel, Ingrid Rose, The Artifice of Seduction: Patterns of Seduction in German Tragedy (Dissertation, Yale University, 1985).

Discusses Gryphius, Lessing and Hebbel.

Weis, Carol Lazzaro, The Subject's Seduction: The Experience of Don Juan in Italian Feminist Fictions, 7 Annali d'Italianistica 382 (1989).

See also

Women's Rights and Feminism in Selected National Literatures

English Literature

Albinski, Nan Wowman, "The Law of Justice, of Nature, and of Right": Victorian Feminist Utopias, in Feminism, Utopia, and Narrative 50 (Libby Falk Jones and Sarah Webster Goodwin eds., 1990) Tennessee Studies in Literature; 32).

Bertram, Vicki, Muscling In: A Study of Contemporary Women Poets and English Poetic Tradition (Dissertation, University of York, 1992).

Calder, Jenni, Women and Marriage in Victorian Fiction (1976).

Fetter'd or Free?: British Women Novelists, 1670-1815 (Mary Anne Schofield and Cecilia Macheski eds., 1986).

Foster, Shirley, Victorian Women's Fiction: Marriage, Freedom, and the Individual (1985).

Gagen, Jean Elisabeth, The New Woman: Her Emergence in English Drama, 1600-1730 (1954).

Green, Katherine Sobba, The Heroine's Blazon and Hardwicke's Marriage Act: Commodification for a Novel Market, 9 Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature 273 (Fall 1990).

Horwich, Richard, Wives, Courtesans, and the Economics of Love in Jacobean City Comedy, in Drama in the Renaissance: Comparative and Critical Essays 255 (Clifford Davidson, C. J. Gianakaria, and John H. Stroupe eds., 1986)(AMS Studies in the Renaissance; 12).

Ingram, Angela J. C., In the Posture of a Whore: Changing Attitudes to "Bad" Women in Elizabethan and Jacobean Drama (1984)(Salzburg Studies in English Literature. Jacobean Drama Studies; 93). Bibliography: vol. 2, 350-389.

Katanka, Margaret, Women of the Underworld: A Study of Prostitutes and Women Criminals in Popular Literature, 1600-1700 (Master's Thesis, University of Birmingham (England), 1973).

Kestner, Joseph A., Protest and Reform: The British Social Narrative By Women, 1827-1867 (1985).

Leinwand, Theodore B., "This Gulph of Marriage": Jacobean City Wives and Jacobean City Comedy, 10 Women's Studies 245 (1984).

Menefee, Samuel Pyeatt, Folklore and Felony: The Case History of Joseph Brown, 101 Folklore (West Sussex, England) 14 (1990).

Neff, Wanda Fraiken, Victorian Working Women: An Historical and Literary Study of Women in British Industries and Professions, 1832-1850 (1929). Published also as the author's dissertation, Columbia University.

Pearson, Jacqueline, The Prostituted Muse: Images of Women & Women Dramatists, 1642-1737 (1988).

Roller, Judi M., The Politics of the Feminist Novel (1986)(Contributions in Women's Studies; 63).

Symonds, Deborah Ann, The Re-Forming of Women's Work and Culture: Scotland 1750-1830 (Dissertation, State University of New York, Binghampton, 1985).

Swindells, Julia, Victorian Writing and Working Women: The Other Side of Silence (1985).

Todd, Janet M., The Sign of Angellica: Women, Writing and Fiction, 1660-1800 (1989).

Voisine, Jacques, La Condition Féminine dans l'Opéra du Mendiant, in La Femme en Angletterre at dans les Colonies Américaines aux XVIIè et XVIIIè Siècles 100 (1976).

Weber, Donna-Lee, Fair Game: Rape and Sexual Aggression on Women in Some Early Eighteenth-Century Prose Fiction (Dissertation, University of Toronto, 1980).

Wilson, Katharina M. and Elizabeth M. Makowski, Wykked Wyves and the Woes of Marriage: Misogamous Literature from Juvenal to Chaucer (1990)(SUNY Series in Medieval Studies).

Woodbridge, Linda, Women and the English Renaissance: Literature and the Nature of Womankind, 1540-1620 (1984).

Yeazell, Ruth Bernard, Fictions of Modesty: Women and Courtship in the English Novel (1991).

See also

French Literature

Dow, Blanche Hinman, The Varying Attitude toward Women in French Literature of the Fifteenth Century: The Opening Years (1936)(Publications of the Institute of French Studies). Also presented as doctoral dissertation, Columbia University.

Ferrante, Joan, Male Fantasy and Female Reality in Courtly Literature, 11 Women's Studies 70 (1984).

Gutwirth, Madelyn, The Twilight of the Goddesses: Women and Representation in the French Revolutionary Era (1992).

Hellerstein, Erna O., Women, Social Order, and the City: Rules For French Ladies, 1830-1870 (Dissertation, University of California at Berkeley, 1980).

Moses, Claire G., The Legacy of the Eighteenth Century: A Look at the Future, in French Women and the Age of Enlightenment 407 (Samia I. Spencer, Germaine Brée, and Elizabeth Fox-Genovese eds., 1984).

Telle, Émile V., L'Oeuvre de Marguerite d'Angoulême, Reine de Navarre, et la Querelle des Femmes (1937).

Woman and Society in Eighteenth-Century France: Essays in Honor of John Stephenson Spink (Eva Jacobs et al. eds., 1979).

German Literature

Adelson, Leslie A., Making Bodies, Making History: Feminism & German Identity (1993)(Modern German Culture & Literature).

Hermand, Jost, All Power To the Women: Nazi Concepts of Matriarchy, 19 Journal of Contemporary History 649 (1984).

Kaiser, Elsbet, Frauendienst im Mittelhochdeutschen Volksepos (1921)(Germanistische Abhandlungen, 54. Hft.).

Kubler, Gunhild, Die soziale Aufsteigerin: Wandlungen einer Geschlechtsspezifischen Rollenzuschreibung im deutschen Roman 1870-1900 (1982)(Studien zur Germanistik, Anglistik, und Komparatistik; 108).

McCormick, Richard W., Politics and the Self: Feminism and the Postmodern in West German Literature and Film (1991).

Schwob, Ute Monika, "Herrinnen" in tiroler Quellen: zur rechtlichen und sozialen Stellung der Adeligen Frau im Mittelalter; Die Iwein-Fresken von Rodenegg und andere Zeugnisse der Wechselwirkung von Literatur und Bildender Kunst, in 157 Literatur und bildende Kunst im Tiroler Mittelalter (Egon Kuhebacher ed., 1982)(Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Kulturwissenschaft, Germanistsiche Reihe; 15).

United States Literature

Aarons, Victoria, A Community of Women: Surviving Marriage in the Wilderness, in Portraits of Marriage in Literature 141 (Anne C. Hargrove and Maurine Magliocco eds., 1984).

Bardes, Barbara A. and Suzanne Gossett, Declarations of Independence: Women and Political Power in Nineteenth-Century American Fiction (1990).

Benson, Mary Sumner, Women in Eighteenth-Century America: A Study of Opinion and Social Usage (1935)(Studies in History, Economics, and Public Law; 405).

Bergmann, Helena, Between Obedience and Freedom: Woman's Role in the Mid-Nineteenth Century Industrial Novel (1979)(Gothenburg Studies in English; 45).

Cohn, Jan, Romance and the Erotics of Property: Mass-Market Fiction For Women (1988).

Dearborn, Mary V., Pocahontas's Daughters: Gender and Ethnicity in American Culture (1986).

De Grave, Kathleen R., Swindler, Spy, Rebel: The Confidence Woman in Nineteenth-Century America (Dissertation, University of Wisconsin at Madison, 1989).

Erickson, Peter, Rewriting Shakespeare, Rewriting Ourselves (1991).

Fishbein, Leslie, The Harlot's Progress in American Fiction and Film, 1900-1930, 16 Women's Studies 409 (1989).

Gilman, Amy, "Cogs to the Wheel": The Ideology of Women's Work in Mid-Nineteenth Century Fiction, 47 Science and Society 78 (Summer 1983).

Hankey, Leone Sandra, The Power of Naming: Women and Law in Twentieth Century American Fiction (Dissertation, University of California at Los Angeles, 1992).

Hapke, Laura, Conventions of Denial: Prostitution in Late Nineteenth-Century American Anti-Vice Narrative (1982)(Michigan Occasional Papers in Women's Studies; 24).

Hapke, Laura, Girls Who Went Wrong: Prostitutes in American Fiction, 1885-1917 (1989).

Hapke, Laura, The Late Nineteenth-Century American Streetwalker: Images and Realities, 65 Mid-America 155 (October 1983).

Helsinger, Elizabeth K., Robin Lauterbach Sheets, and William R. Veeder, The Woman Question: Society and Literature in Britain and America, 1837-1883 (1983).

Kelley, Mary, Private Woman, Public Stage: Literary Domesticity in Nineteenth-Century America (1984).

Langlois, Janet L., Belle Gunness, the Lady Bluebeard: Narrative Use of a Deviant Woman, in Women's Folklore 109 (Rosan A. Jordan and Susan J. Kalcik, eds. 1985)(Publications of the American Folklore Society; 8).

Langlois, Janet L., Belle Gunness, the Lady Bluebeard: Symbolic Inversion in Verbal Art and American Culture, 8 Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 617 (Summer 1983).

Lynch, Acklyn, Notes on Black Women Writers of the Past Two Decades, in In the Memory and Spirit of Frances, Zora, and Lorraine: Essays and Interview on Black Women and Writing 45 (Juliette Bowles, ed. 1979).

Shepherd, Gloria, The Rape of Black Women During Slavery (Dissertation, 1988).

Sundquist, Asebrit, Pocahontas and Co.: The Fictional American Indian Woman in Nineteenth-Century Literature: A Study of Method (1987).

Ward, Kathryn Ann, Clients, Colleagues, and Consorts: Roles of Women in American Hardboiled Detective Fiction and Film (Dissertation, Ohio State University, 1988).

Additional Search Terms

Further materials on wives and mothers in literature can be found under library catalog subject headings such as the following: the representation of women, and particularly the characterization of women, reflects social and legal attitudes toward women and their rights or lack of them. Anyone investigating this area should also search the periodical indexes and library catalogs under such headings as

See also