Under construction

AFRICAN AND AFRICAN-AMERICAN IMAGES

IN LAW AND POPULAR CULTURE

A SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY

 

General Works in U. S. Literature 

African and Other Colonial Empires in Literature 

African Literature 

African Literature: Law in Literature 

African Literature: Detective and Mystery Fiction 

Kenyan Literature

Kenyan Literature: Law in Literature 

Kenyan Literature: Law in Folklore 

South African Literature

South African Literature: Law in Literature

South African Detective and Mystery Fiction

Yoruban Literature

Yoruban Literature: Law in Folklore

Zimbabwian Literature

Zimbabwian Literature: Law in Folklore

Special Topics

Miscegenation

Afro-American Detective and Mystery Fiction

Music

The American South Generally

The Civil Rights Movement in Literature

Specific Authors

Baldwin, James

Bambara, Toni Cade

Brink, André Philippus

General Works

Specific Works

'n droe wit seisoen  

De muur van de pest  

Houd den Bek  

Kennis van die aand  

General Works in U. S Literature

The Art of Slave Narrative: Original Essays in Criticism and Theory (John Sekora and Darwin T. Turner, eds. 1982)(An Essays in Literature Book).

Barthelemy, Anthony Gerard, Black Face, Maligned Race: The Representations of Blacks in English Drama from Shakespeare to Southerne (1987).

Betts, The Confessions of Nat Turner and the Uses of Tragedy, 27 College Language Association Journal 419 (1984).

Campbell, Jane, Mythic Black Fiction: The Transformation of History (1989).

Caudill, Orley B., Strange Allies in a Changing World, 17 Mississippi Folklore Register 3 (Spring 1983).

Crane, Gregg David, Fiat Justitia: American Literature and the Jurisprudence of Rights, Power and COmmunity, 1850-1903 (Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley, 1995).

David, John R., Frankie and Johnnie: The Trial of Frankie Baker, 6 Missouri Folklore Society Journal 1 (1984).

Davis, Mary Kemp, The Historical Slave Revolt and the Literary Imagination (Dissertation, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1984).

Early, Gerald Lyn, A Servant of Servants Shall He Be: Paternalism and Millennialism in American Slavery Literature, 1850-1859 (Dissertation, Cornell University, 1982).

Ferreira, Patricia J., "The Idea of Ancestry": The Influence of the Slave Narrative on The Color Purple (Master's thesis, University of Vermont, 1988).

Foster, Frances Smith, Slave Narratives: Text and Social Context (Dissertation, University of California, San Diego, 1976).

Foster, Frances Smith, Witnessing Slavery: The Development of Ante-Bellum Slave Narratives (1994)(Wisconsin Studies in American Autobiography).

Gates, Henry Louis, Figures in Black: Words, Signs, and the "Racial" Self (1989).

Harris, Trudier, From Mammies To Militants: Domestics in Black American Literature (1982).

Hedgepeth, Chester Jr., Theories of Social Action in Black Literature (1986)(American University Studies. Series XIX, General Literature; 2).

Henderson, Mae Gwendolyn, In Another Country: Afro-American Expatriate Novelists in France, 1946-1974 (Dissertation, Yale University, 1983).

Herrmann, Anne, Verlassene Orte, gefundene Stimmen: Schwarz-amerikanische Autorinnen, in Frauen--Literatur--Geschichte: Schreibenden Frauen vom Mittelalter bis zur Gegenwart 488 (Hiltrud Gnug and Renate Mohrmann, eds. 1985).

Hill, Errol, The Revolutionary Tradition in Black Drama, 38 Theatre Journal 408 (December 1986).

JanMohamed, Abdul R., The Economy of Manichean Allegory: The Function of Racial Difference in Colonialist Literature, 12 Critical Inquiry 59 (Autumn 1985).

Judy, Ronald Trent, The Rhetorics of Vernacular Corpora: The African American Slave Narrative and the Challenge of Narrative Indeterminacy (Dissertation, University of Minnesota, 1990).

Karrer, Wolfgang, Integration or Separatism: The Social History of the Afro-American Dilemma after World War II, in The Afro-American Novel Since 1960 29 (Peter Bruck and Wolfgang Karrer, eds. 1982).

Kinney, James, Amalgamation!: Race, Sex, and Rhetoric in the Nineteenth-Century American Novel (1985)(Contributions in Afro-American and African Studies; 90).

Kubitschek, Missy Dehn, Claiming the Heritage: African-American Women Novelists and History (1991).

Kubitschek, Missy Dehn, Subjugated Knowledge: Toward a Feminist Exploration of Rape in Afro-American Fiction, in Black Feminist Criticism and Critical Theory (Joe Weixlmann and Houston A. Baker, Jr., eds. 1988).

Maxwell, William, Sampling Authenticity: Rap Music, Postmodernism, and the Ideology of Black Crime, 14 Studies in Popular Culture 1 (1991).

Nichols, Charles Harold, A Study of the Slave Narrative (Dissertation, Brown University, 1948).

O'Neale, Sondra Ann, Jupiter Hammon and the Biblical Beginnings of African-American Literature (1993)(ATLA Monograph Series; 28).

Ogude, S. E., Genius in Bondage: A Study of the Origins of African Literature in English (1983).

Otsuki, Jennifer Lynn, Totalization and the Other: Images of Race and Gender in Victorian Realism (Dissertation, University of California, Irvine, 1991).

Payne, James Robert, Afro-American Literature of the Spanish-American War, 10 MELUS 19 (Fall 1983).

Rubin, Louis Decimus, The Other Side of Slavery: Thomas Nelson Page's "No Haid Pawn", 7 Studies in the Literary Imagination 95 (Spring 1974).

Russell, Sandi, Render Me My Song: African-American Women Writers from Slavery to the Present (1992).

Santino, Jack, Miles of Smiles, Years of Struggle: Stories of Black Pullman Porters (1989) (Publications of the American Folklore Society).

Slavery and the Literary Imagination (Deborah E. McDowell and Arnold Rampersad, eds. 1989)(Selected Papers From the English Institute, 1987: n.s.; 13).

Smith, Gary, The Black Protest Sonnet, 2 American Poetry 2 (Fall 1984).

Smith, Valerie, Self-Discovery and Authority in Afro-American Narrative (1987, repr. 1991).

Sole, Kelwyn, Oral Performance and Social Struggle in Contemporary Black South African Literature, 69 TriQuarterly 254 (Spring/Summer 1987).

Stacy, Stephanie D., African-American Women Writers and the Experience of Slavery (Bachelor's thesis, Millsaps College, 1991).

Striker, Ardelle, Spectacle in the Service of Humanity: The Negrophile Play in France from 1789 to 1850, 19 Black American Literature Forum 76 (Summer 1985).

Style, Colin, Echoes of Empire (V): Apartheid and English Poetry in South Africa, 66 Encounter (London, England) 50 (May 1986).

Suggs, Jon Christian, Epistemology and the Law in Four African American Fictions, 14 Legal Studies Forum 141 (1990).

Tokson, Elliot H., The Popular Image of the Black Man in English Drama, 1550-1688 (1982).

Trump, Martin, Black South African Short Fiction in English Since 1976, 19 Research in African Literatures 34 (Spring 1988).

Turner, Frederick William, Badmen, Black and White: The Continuity of American Folk Traditions (Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, 1965).

Turner, Patricia A., The Atlanta Child Murders: A Case Study of Folklore in the Black Community, in Creative Ethnicity: Symbols and Strategies of Contemporary Ethnic Life 75 (Stephen Stern, ed. 1991).

Wade, Michael, Ties that Bind: Dependency and Rebellion in Some South African Autobiographies, 19 Research in African Literatures 489 (Winter 1988).

Waters, Carver Wendell, Voice in the Slave Narratives of Olaudah Equiano, Frederick Douglass, and Solomon Northrup (Dissertation, University of Southwestern Louisiana, 1988).

African and Other Colonial Empires in Literature

JanMohamed, Abdul R., The Economy of Manichean Allegory: The Function of Racial Difference in Colonialist Literature, 12 Critical Inquiry 59 (Autumn 1985).

Riesz, Janos, References à la Revolution Française et aux Droits de l'Homme dans la Littérature Coloniale Française et la Littérature Francophone Africaine, 20 Französisch Heute (Frankfurt, Germany) 225 (September 1989).

African Literature

African Literature: Law in Literature

Ako, Edward O., The African Inspiration of the Black Arts Movement, 135 Diogenes 93 (Fall 1986).

Austen, Ralph A., Criminals and the African Cultural Imagination: Normative and Deviant Heroism in Pre-Colonial and Modern Narratives, 56 Africa: Journal of the International African Institute/Revue de l'Institut Africain International 385 (1986).

Casajus, Dominique, The Brother, the Djinn, and the Passing of Time, 15 Research in African Literature 218 (1984). Translated by Brunhilde Biebuyck.

Crow, Brian, Melodrama and the "Political Unconscious" in Two African Plays, 14 Ariel 15 (1983).

Goldberg, Phyllis Enid, From Eden to Utopia: A Sociology of the African Novel (Dissertation, New York University, 1981).

Mazrui, Ali A., Identity and the Novelist: An Iron Law of Individualism, in Aspects of Africa's Identity: Five Essays 70 (Paul F. Nursey-Bray ed., 1973).

Mouralis, Bernard, L'Evolution du Concept de Littérature Nationale en Afrique, 18 Research in African Literatures 272 (Fall 1987).

Miller, Christopher L., Nationalism as Resistance and Resistance to Nationalism in the Literature of Francophone Africa, 82 Yale French Studies 62 (May 1993).

Ngal, Georges M. a M., La Critique et les Anthologies Littéraires Nationales, 18 Research in African Literatures 320 (Fall 1987).

Ngara, Emmanuel, Art and Ideology in the African Novel: A Study of the Influence of Marxism on African Writing (1985)(Studies in African Literature).

Nikiforova, Irina D., The Development and Distinctive Features of Forms of the Novel in African Literature, 18 Research in African Literature 422 (Winter 1987).

Quinn, Mary Lou and Eugene P. A. Schleh, Popular Crime in Africa: The Macmillan Education Program, in Mysteries of Africa 39 (Eugene Schleh ed., 1991).

Ricard, Alain, Museum, Mausoleum, or Market: The Concept of National Literature, 18 Research in African Literatures 293 (Fall 1987).

Schipper, Mineke, National Literatures and Literary History, 18 Research in African Literatures 280 (Fall 1987).

Thiongo, Ngugi wa, Decolonising the Mind: The Politics of Language in African Literature (1986).

African Literature: Detective and Mystery Fiction

Riegel, Dieter, Africa in West German Crime Fiction, in Mysteries of Africa 50 (Eugene P. A. Schleh ed., 1991).

Kenyan Literature: Law in Literature

Lepine, Richard, A Swahili Fiction Serial from the Kenyan Newspaper Baraza, 13 Ba-Shiru 61 (Spring 1987).

Kenyan Literature: Law in Folklore

Kuria, Gibson Kamau, The African or Customary Marriage in Kenyan Law Today, in Transformations of African Marriage 283 (David J. Parkin and David Nyamwaya eds., 1987)(International African Seminars; 3).

South African Literature: Law in Literature

Gardner, Judy H., Impaired Vision: Portraits of Black Women in the Afrikaans Novel, 1948-1988 (1991).

McClintock, Anne, Maidens, Maps, and Mines: The Reinvention of Patriarchy in Colonial South Africa, 87 South Atlantic Quarterly 147 (Winter 1988).

Roberts, Sheila, South African Prison Literature, 16 Ariel 61 (April 1985).

Trump, Martin, Afrikaner Literature and the South African Liberation Struggle, 25(1) Journal of Commonwealth Literature 42 (1990).

Violence, Silence, and Anger: Women's Writing as Transgression (Deirdre Lashgari ed., 1995)(Feminist Issues).

Watts, Jane, Literature and Liberation: Black Consciousness in Recent South African Writing, 8 Ethnic and Racial Studies 277 (1985). Discussion: 9 Ethnic and Racial Studies 250 (1986).

South African Literature: Detective and Mystery Fiction

Friedland, Susan, South African Detective Stories in English and Afrikaans from 1951-1971: A Bibliography (1972).

Lockwood, Bert B. Jr., A Study in Black and White: The South Africa of James McClure, 5 Human Rights Quarterly 440 (1983).

McClure, James, A Bright Grey, in Colloquium on Crime: Eleven Renowned Mystery Writers Discuss Their Work 167 (Robin W. Winks ed., 1986).

Schleh, Eugene P. A., Spotlight on South Africa: The Police Novels of James McClure, 7 Clues 99 (Fall/Winter 1986).

Yoruban Literature:  Law in Folklore

Ripault, Ghislain, Le Lutteur de Justice à la Manière Yoruba, Afrique-Asie, November 3, 1986, at 47.

Zimbabwian Literature: Law in Folklore

Chavunduka, G. L., Witchcraft and the Law in Zimbabwe, 8 Zambezia 129 (1980).

Special Topics

Miscegenation

Aaron, Daniel, The "Inky Curse": Miscegenation in the White American Literary Imagination, 22 Social Science Information/Information sur les Sciences Sociales 169 (1983).

Davidas, L., Problématique d'une Littérature des Antilles Anglophones: Sources et Influences, 4 Revue du CERC 74 (1987).

Deming, Caren J., Miscegenation in Popular Western History and Fiction, in Women and Western American Literature 90 (Helen Winter Stauffer and Susan J. Rosowski ed. 1982).

Gates, Henry Louis, Race, Writing, and Difference, 4 Mississippi College Law Review 287 (1984).

Hanley, Lynne, Writing Across the Color Bar: Apartheid and Desire, 32 Massachusetts Review 495 (Summer 1991).

Little, Jonathan David, Definition through Difference: The Tradition of Black-White Miscegenation in American Fiction (Dissertation, The University of Wisconsin, 1989).

Nelson, Dana, The Word in Black and White: Reading "Race" in American Literature, 1638-1867 (1991).

See also Faulkner, William; Larsen, Nella; Twain, Mark.

Afro-American Detective and Mystery Fiction

Bailey, Frankie Y., Out of the Woodpile: Black Characters in Crime and Detective Fiction (1991)(Contributions To the Study of Popular Culture; 27).

Skinner, Robert E., Two Guns From Harlem: The Detective Fiction of Chester Himes (1989).

Turner, Frederick W., Badmen, Black and White: The Continuity of American Folk Traditions (Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, 1965).

Weixlmann, Joe, Culture Clash, Survival, and Trans-Formation: A Study of Some Innovative Afro-American Novels of Detection, 38 Mississippi Quarterly 21 (Winter 1984/85).

See also Himes, Chester; Hughes, Dorothy B.

Music

Lott, Eric, Love & Theft: Blackface Minstrelsy and the American Working Class (1993).

Maxwell, William, Sampling Authenticity: Rap Music, Postmodernism, and the Ideology of Black Crime, 14 Studies in Popular Culture 1 (1991).

The American South Generally

Dew, Joanna, The Slavery Problem in Southern Fiction Prior to 1860 (Master's thesis, Duke University, 1941).

Gossett, Louise Young, Violence in Recent Southern Fiction (Dissertation, Duke University, 1961).

Law and Southern Literature Symposium (1983: Jackson, Mississippi), The Law and Southern Literature Symposium (1984). Also issued as 4 Mississippi College Law Review (issue 2, Spring 1984) and 5 Mississippi College Law Review (issue 1, Fall 1984).

Includes William H. Page and Richard H. Weisberg, Foreword: The Law and Southern Literature; Susan Snell, Phil Stone and William Faulkner: The Lawyer and "the Poet"; Richard H. Weisberg, The Quest for Silence: Faulkner's Lawyer in a Comparative Setting; Robert A. Ferguson, Law and Lawyers in Faulkner's Life and Art: A Comment; E. Grady Jolly, Feelings for Flem, Faulkner and Federalism; Noel Polk, Law in Faulkner's Sanctuary; Morris Wolff, Faulkner's Knowledge of the Law; Thomas L. McHaney, Commentary: Papers by Noel Polk and Morris Wolff; Joseph Blotner, William Faulkner: Attorney-at-Law; Henry Louis Gates, Race, Writing, and Difference; Thadious M. Davis, Crying in the Wilderness: Legal, Racial, and Moral Codes in Go Down, Moses; Aviam Soifer, Listening to the Voiceless; J. Allen Smith and John Paul Laughlin, Afterword: Law, Literature and Ethics.

 

Marquardt, Ronald G., Justice Tempered with Mirth: J. P. Stories from the South, 18 Mississippi Folklore Register 33 (Spring 1984).

Nelson, Richard, Aesthetic Frontiers: The Machiavellian Tradition and the Southern Imagination (1990).

Olds, Madelin Joan, The Rape Complex in the Postbellum South (Dissertation, Carnegie-Mellon University, 1989).

Perdue, Charles L., Gruver Meadows: Anatomy of a Murder Ballad, 4 Folklore and Folklife in Virginia 59 (1988).

Popham, J. N., The Southern Writer's Search For Truth and Justice, 19 Georgia Law Review 227 (1984).

Skaggs, Merrill Maguire, The Folk of Southern Fiction (1972).

Discusses lawyers and scenes involving lawyers and law in Southern fiction.

Watson, Ritchie Devon, Yeoman Versus Cavalier: The Old Southwest's Fictional Road to Rebellion (1993)(Southern Literary Studies).

The Civil Rights Movement in Literature

Caudill, Orley B., Strange Allies in a Changing World, 17 Mississippi Folklore Register 3 (Spring 1983).

Eynon, Bret, Community in Motion: The Free Speech Movement, Civil Rights, and the Roots of the New Left, 17 Oral History Review 39 (Spring 1989).

Harris, Clarissa Myrick, Mirror of the Movement: The History of the Free Southern Theater as a Microcosm of the Civil Rights and Black Power Movements, 1963-1978 (Dissertation, Emory, 1988).

Influence of and on the Free Southern Theater.

Hedgepeth, Chester Jr., Theories of Social Action in Black Literature (1986)(American University Studies: XIX: General Literature; 2).

Herrmann, Anne, Verlassene Orte, gefundene Stimmen: Schwarz-amerikanische Autorinnen, in Frauen--Literatur--Geschichte: Schreibended Frauen vom Mittelalter bis zur Gegenwart 488 (Hiltrud Gnug and Renate Mohrmann, eds. 1985).

African-American women writers from a German critic's point of view.

Hendrickson, Roberta Makashay, The Civil Rights Movement in American Fiction: A Feminist Reading (Dissertation, Brandeis University, 1990).

Karrer, Wolfgang, Integration or Separatism: The Social History of the Afro-American Dilemma after World War II, in The Afro-American Novel Since 1960 29 (Peter Bruck and Wolfgang Karrer, eds. 1982).

Solbrig, Ingeborg, Herder and the "Harlem Renaissance" of Black Culture in America: The Case of the "Neger-Idyllen", in Herder Today: Contributions From the International Herder Conference, November 5-8, 1987, Stanford, California 402 (Kurt Mueller-Vollmer, ed. 1987).

Sundquist, Eric J., To Wake the Nations: Race in the Making of American Literature (1993).

Traylor, Eleanor W., :"And the Resurrrection, Let It Be Complete": The Achievement of Larry Neal (A Biobibliography of a Critical Imagination), 8 Callaloo: An Afro-American and African Journal of Arts and Letters 36 (Winter 1985).

Walker, Melissa, Down from the Mountaintop: Black Women's Novels in the Wake of the Civil Rights Movement, 1966-1989 (1991).

Ward, Jerry, Southern Black Aesthetics: The Case of Nkombo Magazine, 44 Mississippi Quarterly 143 (Spring 1991).

Weisbrot, Robert, Father Divine and the Struggle for Racial Equality (1983).

Specific Authors

Baldwin, James (1924- )

Henderson, Mae Gwendolyn, In Another Country: Afro-American Expatriate Novelists in France, 1946-1974 (Dissertation, Yale University, 1983).

Hendrickson, Roberta Makashay, The Civil Rights Movement in American Fiction: A Feminist Reading (Dissertation, Brandeis University, 1990).

Jennings, La Vinia, Sexual Violence in the Works of Richard Wright, James Baldwin, and Toni Morisson (Dissertation, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1989).

Moon, Sahng Young, The Dilemma of a Black Writer: James Baldwin's Quest for Racial Justice in the 1960s (Dissertation, University of California, San Diego, 1994).

Redmond, Eugene B., "The Way Love Never Dies", in James Baldwin: The Legacy 79 (Quincy Troupe ed., 1989). Foreword by Wole Soyinka.

Schnapp, Patricia Lorine, The Liberation Theology of James Baldwin (Dissertation, Bowling Green State University, 1987).

Bambara, Toni Cade

Burks, Ruth Elizabeth, From Baptism to Resurrection: Toni Cade Bambara and the Incongruity of Language, in Black Women Writers 1950-1980: A Critical Evaluation 48 (Mari Evans ed., 1984).

Butler-Evans, Elliott, Race, Gender, and Desire: Narrative Strategies in the Fiction of Toni Cade Bambara, Toni Morrison, and Alice Walker (1989).

Brink, André Philippus

Brink: General Works

Adler, Leure and Jean Guiloineau, Andre Brink: L'Écriture, une arme contre l'injustice, Le Monde, June 20, 1982, at ix.

Andon-Milligan, Lillian Hilja, Andre Brink's South Africa: A Quality of Light, 34(1) Critique 19 (Fall 1992).

Coetzee, J. M., Andre Brink and the Censor, 21(3) Research in African Literatures 59 (Fall 1990).

Dussen de Kestergat, J. M. van der, Apartheid et littérature, 32(4) Academie Royale des Sciences d'Outre Mer, Bulletin des Séances (Brussels) 607 (1986).

Malan, Charles, Andre P. Brink en ideologie: Uit de ivore toren na die strydperk, 39(1) Standpunte (Parow, South Africa) 12 (February 1986).

Stynen, Ludo, Andre Brink: Schrijven tegen de pest: Over de zin van blank literair engagement in Zuid-Afrika, 16(1) Restant (Antwerp) 153 (1988).

Zootjens, Adrienne, L'Apartheid, le racisme et le prix littéraire français, 23 Peuples Noirs Peuples Africains 136 (1981).

Brink: Specific Works

'n droe wit seisoen

Findlay, Allan, Andre Brink's The Wall of the Plague: "Useful and Pleasurable", in A Literary Miscellany Presented to Eric Jacobsen 315 (Graham D. Caie and Holger Norgaard eds., 1988)(Publications of the Department of English, University of Copenhagen; 16).

De muur van de pest

Munnick, Yvonne, L'Utilisation allegorique du roman historique chez Andre Brink: An Instant in the Wind et A Chain of Voices, 28 Caliban 141 (1991).

Wendt-Riedel, Konstanze, Andre Brink: Die Nilpferdpeitsche, 35(1) Weimarer Beiträge 126 (1989).

Houd den Bek

Stynen, Ludo, Andre Brink: Schrijven tegen de pest: Over de zin van blank literair engagement in Zuid-Afrika, 16(1) Restant (Antwerp) 153 (1988).

Kennis van die aand

Hauptfleisch, Temple, Carnival Shakespeare: Kinkels in die Kabel at the Nico Malan, 3 Shakespeare in Southern Africa 90 (1989).

Kinkels in die Kabel

Jacobs, Alan, The Nightmare of History Revisited: Andre Brink's An Instant in the Wind, in Postcolonial Literature and the Biblical Call for Justice 183 (Susan VanZanten Gallagher ed., 1994).

Munnick, Yvonne, L'Utilisation allegorique du roman historique chez Andre Brink: An Instant in the Wind et A Chain of Voices, 28 Caliban 141 (1991).

Stynen, Ludo, Andre Brink: Schrijven tegen de pest: Over de zin van blank literair engagement in Zuid-Afrika, 16(1) Restant (Antwerp) 153 (1988).

(1844-1925)

Elfenbein, Anna Shannon, Women on the Color Line: Evolving Stereotypes and the Writings of George Washington Cable, Grace King, Kate Chopin (1989).

Wilkins, Joyce Flippin, Violence in the Major Fiction of George W. Cable (Master's Thesis, Duke University, 1966).

(1858-1932)

Caccavari, Peter Jerome, Reconstructions of Race and Culture in America: Violence and Knowledge in Works by Albion Tourgee, Charles Chesnutt, and Thomas Dixon, Jr. (Dissertation, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, 1993).

Fraiman, Susan, Mother-Daughter Romance in Charles W. Chesnutt's Her Virginia Mammy, 22 Studies in Short Fiction 443 (Fall 1985).

 

Pickens, Ernestine Williams, Charles W. Chesnutt and the Progressive Movement (Dissertation, Emory University, 1986).

 

 

Killens, John O., The Literary Genius of Alice Childress, in Black Women Writers (1950-1980): A Critical Evaluation 129 (Mari Evans, ed. 1984).

(1903-1946)

Smith, Gary, The Black Protest Sonnet, 2 American Poetry 2 (Fall 1984).

 

 

(1812-1885)

Meacham, Gloria Horsley, Selected Nineteenth Century Interpretations of Organized Slave Resistance: Black Character and Consciousness as Represented in the Fictional Works of Harriet Beecher Stowe, Herman Melville, and Martin Robinson Delany and Related Historical Sources (Dissertation, Cornell University, 1980).

(1864-1946)

Caccavari, Peter Jerome, Reconstructions of Race and Culture in America: Violence and Knowledge in Works by Albion Tourgee, Charles Chesnutt, and Thomas Dixon, Jr. (Dissertation, Rutgers University (New Brunswick), 1993).

Kinney, James, The Rhetoric of Racism: Thomas Dixon and the "Damned Black Beast", 15 American Literary Realism, 1870-1910 145 (Autumn 1982).

(1897-1962)

Clark, William Bedford, Twain and Faulkner: Miscegenation and the Comic Muse, in Faulkner and Humor: Faulkner and Yoknapatawpha (Doreen Fowler and Ann J. Abadie eds., 1984).

Clarke, Deborah, Gender, Race, and Language in Light in August, 61 American Literature 398 (1989).

Ho, Wen-Ching, Miscegenation in William Faulkner: A Synecdoche For Slavery/Caste (Dissertation, University of Michigan, 1989).

Inscoe, John C., Faulkner, Race, and Appalachia, 86 South Atlantic Quarterly 244 (1987).

Perkins, Hoke, "Ah Just Cant Quit Thinking": Faulkner's Black Razor Murderers, in Faulkner and Race 222 (Doreen Fowler and Ann J. Abadie eds., 1987)(Faulkner and Yoknapatawpha).

(1910-1986)

Chaudhuri, Una, The Politics of Theater: Play, Deceit, and Threat in Genet's The Blacks, 28 Modern Drama 362 (1985).

(1937-1974)

Goode, Greg, From Dopefiend To Kenyatta's Last Hit: The Angry Black Crime Novels of Donald Goines, 11 MELUS 41 (Fall 1984).

 

 

(1923- )

Bazin, Nancy Topping, Women and Revolution in Dystopian Fiction: Nadine Gordimer's July's People and Margaret Atwood's The Handmaid's Tale, in Selected Essays: International Conference on Representing Revolution 1989 115 (John Micheal Crafton ed., 1991).

Roberts, Sheila, Sites of Paranoia and Taboo: Lessing's The Grass is Singing and Gordimer's July's People, 24 Research in African Literatures 73 (Fall 1993).

Smith, Rowland, Leisure, Law, and Loathing: Matrons, Mistresses, Mothers in the Fiction of Nadine Gordimer and Jillian Becker, 28 World Literature Written in English 41 (Spring 1988).

Thorpe, Michael, The Motif of the Ancestor in The Conservationist, 14 Research in African Literatures 184 (1983).

(1744-1803)

Solbrig, Ingeborg, Herder and the "Harlem Renaissance" of Black Culture in America: The Case of the "Neger-Idyllen", in Herder Today: Contributions From the International Herder Conference, November 5-8, 1987, Stanford, California 402 (Kurt Müller-Vollmer ed., 1987).

(1909- )

 

 

Alter, Nora M., Chester Himes: Black Guns and Words, in Alteratives 11 (Warren Motte and Gerald Prince eds., 1993)(French Forum Monographs; 82).

Berry, Jay R. Jr., Chester Himes and the Hard-Boiled Tradition, 15 Armchair Detective 38 (1982).

Denning, Michael, Topographies of Violence: Chester Himes' Harlem Domestic Novels, 5 Critical Texts 10 (1988).

Margolies, Edward, Which Way Did He Go?: The Private Eye in Dashiell Hammett, Raymond Chandler, Chester Himes, and Ross Macdonald (1982).

Postma, Heiko, In Harlem ist alles anders: Über Chester Himes und Harry Kemelman, 38 Die Hören 97 (1993).

Rabinowitz, Peter J., Chandler Comes To Harlem: Racial Politics in the Thrillers of Chester Himes, in The Sleuth and the Scholar: Origins, Evolution, and Current Trends in Detective Fiction 19 (Barbara A. Rader, Howard G. Zettler, & Robin W. Winks, eds. 1988).

Schweighaeuser, Jean-Paul, Chester Himes: Romancier Noir Noir, Europe: Revue Littéraire Mensuelle, August/September 1984, at 97.

Skinner, R. E., Two Guns From Harlem: The Detective Fiction of Chester Himes (1989).

Smith, Robert P. Jr., Chester Himes in France and the Legacy of the Roman Policier, 25 College Language Association Journal 18 (September 1981).

 

 

 

 

Henderson, Mae Gwendolyn, In Another Country: Afro-American Expatriate Novelists in France, 1946-1974 (Dissertation, Yale University, 1984).

 

 

Julien, Claude, Space and Civil Rights Ideology: The Example of Chester Himes's The Third Generation, 4/5 Sociocriticism (Pittsburg, PA) 143 (1986/1987).

(1904- )

Oliver, Lawrence J., The Dark-Skinned "Angels" of Dorothy B. Hughes's Thrillers, 11 MELUS 27 (Fall 1984).

(1902-1967)

Barksdale, Richard K., Miscegenation on Broadway: Hughes's Mulatto and Edward Sheldon's The Nigger, in Critical Essays on Langston Hughes 191 (Edward J. Mullen ed., 1986)(Critical Essays on American Literature).

Gomes, Emmanuel, The Crackerbox Tradition and the Race Problem in Lowell's The Biglow Papers and Hughes's Sketches of Simple, 27 College Language Association Journal 254 (1984).

Harper, Donna/Akiba Sullivan, The Complex Process of Crafting Langston Hughes's Simple, 1942-1949 (Dissertation, Emory University, 1988).

Themes in Literature: Conscience and the Law (Guidance Associates Filmstrip, 1975). Two filmstrips. Discusses themes in Sophocles, Poe, Melville, Dickens, Dostoevsky, and Langston Hughes.

Tracy, Steven C., Simple's Great African-American Joke, 27 College Language Association Journal 239 (March 1984).

(1907-1960)

Hattenhauer, Darryl, Hurston's Their Eyes Were Watching God, 50 Explicator 111 (Winter 1992).

Marks, Donald R., Sex, Violence, and Organic Consciousness in Zora Neale Hurston's Their Eyes Were Watching God, 19 Black American Literature Forum 152 (Winter 1985).

O'Banner, Bessie Marie, A Study of Black Heroines in Four Selected Novels (1929-1959) By Four Black American Women Novelists: Zora Neale Hurston, Nella Larsen, Paule Marshall, Ann Lane Petry (Dissertation, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, 1981).

(1943- )

Moore, Gerald, The Uses of Myth: An Examination of African Revolutionary Drama, in Declarations of Cultural Independence in the English Speaking World: A Symposium 159 (Luigi Sampietro ed., 1989).

 

 

Gardner, Judy H., Impaired Vision: Portraits of Black Women in the Afrikaans Novel, 1948-1988 (1991).

 

 

Johnson, Barbara, The Quicksands of the Self: Nella Larsen and Heinz Kohut, in Telling Facts: History and Narration in Psychoanalysis 184 (Joseph H. Smith and Humphrey MOrris, eds. 1992)(Psychiatry and the Humanities; 13).

Madigan, Mark J., Miscegenation and "The Dicta of Race and Class": The Rhinelander Case and Nella Larsen's Passing, 36 Modern Fiction Studies 523 (Winter 1990).

O'Banner, Bessie Marie, A Study of Black Heroines in Four Selected Novels (1929-1959) By Four Black American Women Novelists: Zora Neale Hurston, Nella Larsen, Paule Marshall, Ann Lane Petry (Dissertation, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, 1981).

(1929- )

O'Banner, Bessie Marie, A Study of Black Heroines in Four Selected Novels (1929-1959) By Four Black American Women Novelists: Zora Neale Hurston, Nella Larsen, Paule Marshall, Ann Lane Petry (Dissertation, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, 1981).

 

Bert B. Lockwood, Jr., A Study in Black and White: The South Africa of James McClure, 5 Human Rights Quarterly 440 (1983).

Eugene Schleh, Spotlight on South Africa: The Police Novels of James McClure, 7 Clues 99 (Fall/Winter 1986).

Don Wall, The Achievement of James McClure, 10 Clues 1 (Spring/Summer 1989).

Don Wall, An Interview with James McClure, 6 Clues 7 (Fall/Winter 1985).

(1890-1948)

Smith, Gary, The Black Protest Sonnet, 2 American Poetry 2 (Fall 1984).

(1819-1891)

Cover, Robert M., Justice Accused: Antislavery and the Judicial Process (1975).

Includes pp. 249-252 on Antigone and Billy Budd.

Karcher, Carolyn Lury, Shadow Over the Promised Land: Slavery, Race, and Violence in Melville's America (Dissertation, University of Maryland, 1980).

McIntire, Shannon Lee, Sense and Subjugation: Melville's Benito Cereno as a Critique of Proslavery Thought (Master's Thesis, Lamar University, 1994).

Meacham, Gloria Horsley, Selected Nineteenth Century Interpretations of Organized Slave Resistance: Black Character and Consciousness as Represented in the Fictional Works of Harriet Beecher Stowe, Herman Melville, and Martin Robinson Delany and Related Historical Sources (Dissertation, Cornell University, 1980).

Richardson, William D., Melville's Benito Cereno: Civilization, Barbarism and Race, 11 Interpretation 43 (January 1983).

Discusses themes in Sophocles, Poe, Melville, Dickens, Dostoevsky, and Langston Hughes.

Sundquist, Eric J., To Wake the Nations: Race in the Making of American Literature (1993).

Themes in Literature: Conscience and the Law (Guidance Associates Filmstrip, 1975). Two filmstrips.

 

 

Wiecek, William M., Lewis Perry and Michael Fellman, Latimer: Lawyers, Abolitionists, and the Problem of Unjust Laws, in Antislavery Reconsidered: New Perspectives on the Abolitionists 219 (Lewis Perry and Michael Fellman eds., 1979).

(1884- )

Young, Joseph A., Oscar Micheaux's Novels; Black Apologies For White Oppression (Dissertation, University of Nebraska, 1984).

(1931- )

 

 

Butler-Evans, Elliott, Race, Gender, and Desire; Narrative Strategies in the Fiction of Toni Cade Bambara, Toni Morrison, and Alice Walker (1989).

Edelberg, Cynthia Dubin, Morrison's Voices: Formal Education, the Work Ethic, and the Bible, 58 American Literature 217 (May 1986).

Jennings, La Vinia, Sexual Violence in the Works of Richard Wright, James Baldwin, and Toni Morisson (Dissertation, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1989).

Lock, Helen Mary, A Case of Mis-Taken Identity: Detective Undercurrents in Recent African-American Fiction (Dissertation, University of Virginia, 1991).

Mbalia, Doreatha D. Toni Morrison's Developing Class Consciousness (1991).

Otten, Terry, The Crime of Innocence in the Fiction of Toni Morrison (1989)(Literary Frontiers Edition; 33).

 

 

 

 

Tobin, Elizabeth, "Imagining" the Mother's Text: Toni Morrison's Beloved and Contemporary Law (Master's Thesis, University of Texas at Austin, 1992).

 

 

Miner, Madonne M., Lady No Longer Sings the Blues: Rape, Madness, and Silence in The Bluest Eye, in Conjuring: Black Women, Fiction, and Literary Tradition 176 (Marjorie Pryse and Hortense J. Spillers, eds. 1985).

 

Bogus, S. Diane, An Authorial Tie-Up: The Wedding of Symbol and Point of View in Toni Morrison's Sula, 33 College Language Association Journal 73 (September 1989).

 

 

Otten, Terry, The Crime of Innocence in Toni Morrison's Tar Baby, 14 Studies in American Fiction 153 (Autumn 1986).

(1903-1988)

Black, Michael, Alan Paton and the Rule of Law, 91 African Affairs 53 (January 1992).

Stevens, Irma Net, Paton's Narrator Sophie: Justice and Mercy in Too Late the Phalarope, 8 International Fiction Review 68 (Winter 1981).

(1911- )

Bande, Usha, Murder as Social Revenge in The Street and The Women of Brewster Place, 22 Notes on Contemporary Literature 4 (January 1993).

O'Banner, Bessie Marie, A Study of Black Heroines in Four Selected Novels (1929-1959) By Four Black American Women Novelists: Zora Neale Hurston, Nella Larsen, Paule Marshall, Ann Lane Petry (Dissertation, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, 1981).

(1948- )

Mitchell, Carolyn, "A Laying on of Hands": Transcending the City in Ntozake Shange's For Colored Girls Who Have Considered Suicide, When the Rainbow is Enuf, in Women Writers and the City: Essays in Feminist Literary Criticism 230 (Susan Merrill Squier ed., 1984).

(1925- )

Casciato, Arthur D., and James L. West, III, William Styron and The Southampton Insurrection, 52 American Literature 564 (1981).

Durham, Carolyn A., William Styron's Sophie's Choice: The Structure of Oppression, 30 Twentieth Century Literature 448 (1984).

Fabricant, Daniel S., Thomas R. Gray and William Styron: Finally, a Critical Look at the 1831 Confessions of Nat Turner, 37 American Journal of Legal History 332 (1993).

 

 

Harding, Vincent, You've Taken My Nat and Gone, in William Styron's Nat Turner: Ten Black Writers Respond 17 (J. Clarke, ed. 1968).

Mellard, This Unquiet Dust: The Problem of History in Styron's The Confessions of Nat Turner, 36 Mississippi Quarterly 525 (1983).

Moreno Duran, Rafael Humberto, Sophie o los infortunios de la verdad, 19 Quimera (Barcelona, Spain) 50 (May 1982).

Rosenthal, Regine, Defying Taboos: The Sense of Place in William Styron's Sophie's Choice, 20 The Dolphin: Publication of the English Department, University of Aarhus 76 (Spring 1991).

West, James L. W., Blankenship: An Introduction, 23 Papers on Language and Literature 425 (Fall 1987).

William Styron's Nat Turner: Ten Black Writers Respond (John Henrik Clarke ed., 1968, repr. 1987).

William Styron's Sophie's Choice: Crime and Self-Punishment (Rhoda Sirlin ed., 1990)(Challenging the Literary Canon). Includes introduction by William Styron.

(1835-1910). Pseudonym of Samuel Clemens.

Clark, William Bedford, Twain and Faulkner: Miscegenation and the Comic Muse, in Faulkner and Humor: Faulkner and Yoknapatawpha (Doreen Fowler and Ann J. Abadie eds., 1984).

Gillman, Susan, Sure Identifiers: Race, Science, and the Law in Twain's Pudd'nhead Wilson, 87 South Atlantic Quarterly 195 (1988).

Mark Twain's Pudd'nhead Wilson: Race, Conflict, and Culture (Susan Gillman and Forrest Glen Robinson eds., 1990).

Mason, Ernest D., Attraction and Repulsion: Huck Finn, "Nigger" Jim, and Black Americans, 33 CLA Journal 36 (Sept. 1989).

Neidlinger, Susan Lee, The Presentation of Slavery in Three of Mark Twain's Novels (Master's Thesis, Indiana State University, 1969).

Pohl, Frederik, The Law of the Raft, 17 New York Review of Science Fiction 1 (January 1990).

Railton, Stephen, Jim and Mark Twain: What Do Dey Stan' For? 63 Virginia Quarterly Review 393 (1987).

 

 

Satire or Evasion?: Black Perspectives on Huckleberry Finn (James S. Leonard, Thomas A. Tenney, and Thadious M. Davis eds., 1992).

Includes Case Against Huck Finn and Struggle for Tolerance: Race and Censorship in Huckleberry Finn.

Sundquist, Eric J., Mark Twain and Homer Plessy, 24 Representations 102 (Fall 1988).

Sundquist, Eric J., To Wake the Nations: Race in the Making of American Literature (1993).

(1944- )

Berlant, Lauren, Race, Gender, and Nation in The Color Purple, 14 Critical Inquiry 831 (Summer 1988).

Bizet, Jean-Michel, Alice Walker: "Really, Doesn't Crime Pay?" ou "Les Mémoires d'Une Jeune Femme Rangée"? 13 Revue Française d'Etudes Américaines 183 (April 1987).

Butler-Evans, Elliott, Race, Gender, and Desire: Narrative Strategies in the Fiction of Toni Cade Bambara, Toni Morrison, and Alice Walker (1989).

Ferreira, Patricia J., "The Idea of Ancestry": The Influence of the Slave Narrative on The Color Purple (Master's Thesis, University of Vermont, 1988).

Harris, Trudier, Tiptoeing Through Taboo: Incest in The Child Who Favored Daughter, 28 Modern Fiction Studies 495 (Autumn 1982).

McGowan, Martha J., Atonement and Release in Alice Walker's Meridian, 23 Critique: Studies in Contemporary Ficiton 25 (1981).

Ragan, Barbara M., An Analysis and Discussion of the Black Movement Toward Freedom, Justice, and Equality as Portrayed in Alice Walker's Fiction (Master's Thesis, Bemidji State University, 1981).

Turner, Daniel E., Cherokee and Afro-American Interbreeding in The Color Purple, 21 Notes on Contemporary Literature 10 (November 1991).

 

 

(1908-1960)

 

 

Gerigk, Horst Jurgen, Culpabilité et Liberté: Dostoevskij, Dreiser et Richard Wright, 219/220 Revue de Littérature Comparée 358 (July/December 1981). In German and French; French and English abstracts.

Gerigk, Horst Jurgen, Schuld und Freiheit: Dostoevskij, Dreiser und Richard Wright, 1 Dostoevsky Studies 123 (1980).

German version of work listed above.

Gilyard, Keith, The Sociolinguistics of Underground Blues, 19 Black American Literature 158 (Winter 1985).

Howard, William, Richard Wright's Flood Stories and the Great Mississippi River, 16 Southern Literary Journal 44 (Spring 1984).

Jennings, La Vinia, Sexual Violence in the Works of Richard Wright, James Baldwin, and Toni Morisson (Dissertation, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1989).

Joyce, Joyce Ann, Richard Wright's Long Black Song: A Moral Dilemma, 42 Mississippi Quarterly 379 (1989).

Magistrale, Anthony S., From St. Petersburg to Chicago: Wright's Crime and Punishment, 23 Comparative Literature Studies 59 (Spring 1986).

McWilliams, John P., Innocent Criminal or Criminal Innocence: The Trial in American Fiction, in Law and American Literature: A Collection of Essays (Carl S. Smith, John P. McWilliams, & Maxwell Bloomfield, eds. 1983) (Borzoi Books in Law and American Society).

 

 

 

 

Miller, Eugene E., Folkloric Aspects of Wright's The Man Who Killed a Shadow, 27 College Language Association Journal 210 (1983).

 

 

Algeo, Ann M., The Courtroom as Forum: Homicide Trials by Dreiser, Wright, Capote, and Mailer (Dissertation, Lehigh University, 1992).

Algeo, Ann M., The Courtroom as Forum: Homicide Trials by Dreiser, Wright, Capote, and Mailer (1996)(Modern American Literature; 1).

Beauvais, Paul Jude, Native Son in Prison: Rhetorical Performance as Restored Behavior, 10 Text and Performance Quarterly 306 (1990).

Blake, Caesar R., On Richard Wright's Native Son, in Rough Justice: Essays on Crime in Literature 187 (M. L. Friedland, ed. 1991).

Butler, Robert James, The Function of Violence in Richard Wright's Native Son, 20 Black American Literature 9 (Spring/Summer 1986).

France, Alan W., Misogyny and Appropriation in Wright's Native Son, 34 Modern Fiction Studies 413 (1988).

Gallagher, Kathleen, Bigger's Great Leap to the Figurative, 27 College Language Association Journal 293 (1984).

Johnson, Barbara, The Re(a)d and the Black, in Richard Wright's Native Son 115 (Harold Bloom, ed. 1988) (Modern Critical Interpretations).

Magistrale, Anthony, From St. Petersburg to Chicago: Wright's Crime and Punishment, 23 Comparative Literature Studies 59 (1986).

Reed, Brian Keith, An Illusion of Order: An Analysis of Richard Wright's Native Son and The Outsider, and Ralph Ellison's Invisible Man (Dissertation, University of Washington, 1992).

Siegel, P. N., Conclusion of Richard Wright's Native Son, 89 Publications of the Modern Language Association 517 (1974). Response: D. S. Link, 90 Publications of the Modern Language Association 122 (1975). Response: P. N. Siegel, 90 Publications of the Modern Language Association 294 (1975).

Taylor, Willene P., The Blindness Motif in Richard Wright's Native Son, 34 College Language Association Journal 44 (September 1990).

Walls, Doyle W., The Clue Undetected in Richard Wright's Native Son, 57 American Literature 125 (March 1985).

 

Jones, Anne Hudson, The Plight of the Outsider: A Comparative Study of Dostoevsky's Crime and Punishment, Camus's L'Etranger and Wright's The Outsider (Dissertation, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1974).

 

 

 

 




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