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Alife Ecosystem

Alife Page

Artificial  Life Playroom  (games)

An Artificial Life Simulation Using Two-Dimensional Turing Machines

Artificial Life: A Technoscience Leaving Modernity?

Artificial Life Evolutionary Models (from Principia Cybernetica Web)

Artificial Life Games Home Page

Artificial Life Meets Entertainment

Artificial Life Projects

Biosemiotics Home Page


Darwin Pond

Deux Ex Machina: The Dawn of Artificial Life!

e-den: Artificial Life in Cyberspace

Evolving Artificial Moral Ecologies

Framsticks (evolution simulation project)

Gene Lab (spelling errors in original)

  • Gene Pool for Windows. - Gene Pool is an artificial life simulation where populations of physics-based organisms evolve over time.
  • Hardware Artificial Life (HAL) - Lotus Artificial Life's Java cellular automata substrate capable of supporting evolving, self-reproducing organisms which are capable of universal computation.
  • Java, Artificial Life, and creature behaviour - Java application simulates creature behaviours and movement. Available for free download, including source code, and a paper on Artificial Life.
  • John Holland's ECHO - Echo is a simulation tool developed to investigate mechanisms which regulate diversity and information-processing in systems comprised of many interacting adaptive agents, or complex adaptive systems (CAS).
  • JuhasWorld - JuhasWorld: Yes it's alive! You have to see this applet to believe it. Just let those actors evolve for a few generations and they suddenly seem quite clever indeed. Wait a few more generations and you will be completely hooked: How good can they get?
  • Keith's Artificial Life - An extensive collection of macintosh alife programs fitting into genetic algorithms, large swarms, evolutionary simulations, complex neural networks, and other related subjects.
  • Manna Mouse - Exploration of fitness landscapes.
  • Mirek's Cellebration, 1D and 2D Cellular Automata viewer, editor and explorer - A collection of information relating to cellular automata.
  • Nepros Homepage - Simulation of robots controlled by neuronal nets. They are learning their behvour by means of neuro-evolution
  • PolyWorld Information (author's site) - Source of information, technical report, and source code for the PolyWorld computational ecology, maintained by Larry Yaeger, PolyWorld's author. (This site contains more up to date links and information than the PolyWorld page at the Santa Fe Institute site.)
  • Polyworld Information (Santa Fe Institute) - PolyWorld ecological simulator, designed and written by Larry Yaeger.
  • Red Bird Island Productions - Simple world with automata that act to form complex systems. Implimented on the Macintosh.
  • Share-A-Life - Share-A-Life can be used to design experiments in which variables are manipulated and one measure the effects of these manipulations, to test hypotheses, and collect data to be compared with real data. Althought Share-A-Life is an educational tool it can also be used as a game.
  • The Swarm Simulation System - The Swarm Simulation System
  • The Virtual FishTank - Designed for people of all ages, the FishTank offers firsthand experiences in creating artificial life forms and reveals how simple behavioral rules can produce complex and surprising results.
  • Tierra home page - One of the first and the most influencial artificial environments created originaly by Tom Ray.

The Hitchhiker's Guide to Evolutionary Computation

The New ALife Database

Sipper, Moise, An Introduction to Artificial Life

Stuart Dean's Guide to Artificial Life

Virtual ALife Library


Agents From Albia

Annotated Bibliography

de Garis, Hugo, What If AI Succeeds?

Dunn, Ashley, Machine Intelligence, Part I; Machine Intelligence, Part II

Emmeche, Claus, The Computational Notion of Life

Emmeche, Claus, Defining Life, Explaining Emergence

Emmeche, Claus, Is Life as a Multiverse Phenomenon?

Emmerche, Claus, Modeling Life

Exploratorium: 10 Cool Sites

Famous Figures in AI, 1998

Holmes, Bob, Life Is... also at http://www.newscientist.com/nsplus/insight/astrobiology/lifeis.html

Information Technologies: Agents

The International Paleopsychology Project

Lowenthal, Alex, A Tale of Three Futurists

LSU Webliography: Biology Internet Resources

MIT Media Lab Publications

Ray, Thomas S., How I Created Life in a Virtual Universe

Resnick, Michael, Learning About Life

Reynolds, Craig W., Steering Behavior for Autonomous Characters

Robots: The Next Generation

Without Miracles: 13 Evolutionary Computing: Selection Within Silicon

Wolf, Milton T., Slouching Toward The Future, Or, Guess Who's Coming to Dinner?

Xianyuan Tu, Artificial Animals for Computer Animation


Evolutionary Computation Software

Helser, Aron, Genetic Algorithms and Character Animation (Paper)

Ray, Thomas, Tierra

Scientific American


Artificial Life (this website)


Karl Sims' Home Page


AI ()

Android (1982)

Battlestar Galatica (1978)(remake 2003--).

Law in Battlestar Galatica (from Battlestar Galatica Blog

Bicentennial Man (1999)

Blade Runner (1982)

Cops and Robin (TV series 1978)

Cyborg (1989)

Futureworld (1976)

Imposter (

Making Mr. Right (1987)

Metropolis (1927)

My Living Doll ()

Red Dwarf (TV series 1988)

Robocop (1987)

Robocop (animated TV series 1991)

Robocop (TV series 1994)

Robocop: Prime Directives (TVM 2000)

Robocop 2 (1990)

Robocop 3 (1993)

Short Circuit (1986)

Short Circuit 2 (1988)

The Sixth Day (

Small Wonder ().

Star Trek: The Next Generation (TV series 1987-1994)

The Terminator (1984)

2001 ()



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